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// //======================================================================= // Copyright 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000 University of Notre Dame. // Authors: Andrew Lumsdaine, Lie-Quan Lee, Jeremy G. Siek // Doug Gregor, D. Kevin McGrath // // This file is part of the Boost Graph Library // // You should have received a copy of the License Agreement for the // Boost Graph Library along with the software; see the file LICENSE. // If not, contact Office of Research, University of Notre Dame, Notre // Dame, IN 46556. // // Permission to modify the code and to distribute modified code is // granted, provided the text of this NOTICE is retained, a notice that // the code was modified is included with the above COPYRIGHT NOTICE and // with the COPYRIGHT NOTICE in the LICENSE file, and that the LICENSE // file is distributed with the modified code. // // LICENSOR MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. // By way of example, but not limitation, Licensor MAKES NO // REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY // PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR THAT THE USE OF THE LICENSED SOFTWARE COMPONENTS // OR DOCUMENTATION WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, TRADEMARKS // OR OTHER RIGHTS. //======================================================================= // #ifndef BOOST_GRAPH_KING_HPP #define BOOST_GRAPH_KING_HPP #include <boost/config.hpp> #include <boost/graph/detail/sparse_ordering.hpp> /* King Algorithm for matrix reordering */ namespace boost { namespace detail { template<typename OutputIterator, typename Buffer, typename Compare, typename PseudoDegreeMap, typename VecMap, typename VertexIndexMap> class bfs_king_visitor:public default_bfs_visitor { public: bfs_king_visitor(OutputIterator *iter, Buffer *b, Compare compare, PseudoDegreeMap deg, std::vector<int> loc, VecMap color, VertexIndexMap vertices): permutation(iter), Qptr(b), degree(deg), comp(compare), Qlocation(loc), colors(color), vertex_map(vertices) { } template <typename Vertex, typename Graph> void finish_vertex(Vertex, Graph& g) { typename graph_traits<Graph>::out_edge_iterator ei, ei_end; Vertex v, w; typedef typename std::deque<Vertex>::iterator iterator; typedef typename std::deque<Vertex>::reverse_iterator reverse_iterator; reverse_iterator rend = Qptr->rend()-index_begin; reverse_iterator rbegin = Qptr->rbegin(); //heap the vertices already there std::make_heap(rbegin, rend, boost::bind<bool>(comp, _2, _1)); int i = 0; for(i = index_begin; i != Qptr->size(); ++i){ colors[get(vertex_map, (*Qptr)[i])] = 1; Qlocation[get(vertex_map, (*Qptr)[i])] = i; } i = 0; for( ; rbegin != rend; rend--){ percolate_down<Vertex>(i); w = (*Qptr)[index_begin+i]; for (tie(ei, ei_end) = out_edges(w, g); ei != ei_end; ++ei) { v = target(*ei, g); put(degree, v, get(degree, v) - 1); if (colors[get(vertex_map, v)] == 1) { percolate_up<Vertex>(get(vertex_map, v), i); } } colors[get(vertex_map, w)] = 0; i++; } } template <typename Vertex, typename Graph> void examine_vertex(Vertex u, const Graph&) { *(*permutation)++ = u; index_begin = Qptr->size(); } protected: //this function replaces pop_heap, and tracks state information template <typename Vertex> void percolate_down(int offset){ typedef typename std::deque<Vertex>::reverse_iterator reverse_iterator; int heap_last = index_begin + offset; int heap_first = Qptr->size() - 1; //pop_heap functionality: //swap first, last std::swap((*Qptr)[heap_last], (*Qptr)[heap_first]); //swap in the location queue std::swap(Qlocation[heap_first], Qlocation[heap_last]); //set drifter, children int drifter = heap_first; int drifter_heap = Qptr->size() - drifter; int right_child_heap = drifter_heap * 2 + 1; int right_child = Qptr->size() - right_child_heap; int left_child_heap = drifter_heap * 2; int left_child = Qptr->size() - left_child_heap; //check that we are staying in the heap bool valid = (right_child < heap_last) ? false : true; //pick smallest child of drifter, and keep in mind there might only be left child int smallest_child = (valid && get(degree, (*Qptr)[left_child]) > get(degree,(*Qptr)[right_child])) ? right_child : left_child; while(valid && smallest_child < heap_last && comp((*Qptr)[drifter], (*Qptr)[smallest_child])){ //if smallest child smaller than drifter, swap them std::swap((*Qptr)[smallest_child], (*Qptr)[drifter]); std::swap(Qlocation[drifter], Qlocation[smallest_child]); //update the values, run again, as necessary drifter = smallest_child; drifter_heap = Qptr->size() - drifter; right_child_heap = drifter_heap * 2 + 1; right_child = Qptr->size() - right_child_heap; left_child_heap = drifter_heap * 2; left_child = Qptr->size() - left_child_heap; valid = (right_child < heap_last) ? false : true; smallest_child = (valid && get(degree, (*Qptr)[left_child]) > get(degree,(*Qptr)[right_child])) ? right_child : left_child; } } // this is like percolate down, but we always compare against the // parent, as there is only a single choice template <typename Vertex> void percolate_up(int vertex, int offset){ int child_location = Qlocation[vertex]; int heap_child_location = Qptr->size() - child_location; int heap_parent_location = (int)(heap_child_location/2); int parent_location = Qptr->size() - heap_parent_location; bool valid = (heap_parent_location != 0 && child_location > index_begin + offset && parent_location < Qptr->size()); while(valid && comp((*Qptr)[child_location], (*Qptr)[parent_location])){ //swap in the heap std::swap((*Qptr)[child_location], (*Qptr)[parent_location]); //swap in the location queue std::swap(Qlocation[child_location], Qlocation[parent_location]); child_location = parent_location; heap_child_location = heap_parent_location; heap_parent_location = (int)(heap_child_location/2); parent_location = Qptr->size() - heap_parent_location; valid = (heap_parent_location != 0 && child_location > index_begin + offset); } } OutputIterator *permutation; int index_begin; Buffer *Qptr; PseudoDegreeMap degree; Compare comp; std::vector<int> Qlocation; VecMap colors; VertexIndexMap vertex_map; }; } // namespace detail template<class Graph, class OutputIterator, class ColorMap, class DegreeMap, typename VertexIndexMap> OutputIterator king_ordering(const Graph& g, std::deque< typename graph_traits<Graph>::vertex_descriptor > vertex_queue, OutputIterator permutation, ColorMap color, DegreeMap degree, VertexIndexMap index_map) { typedef typename property_traits<DegreeMap>::value_type DS; typedef typename property_traits<ColorMap>::value_type ColorValue; typedef color_traits<ColorValue> Color; typedef typename graph_traits<Graph>::vertex_descriptor Vertex; typedef iterator_property_map<typename std::vector<DS>::iterator, VertexIndexMap, DS, DS&> PseudoDegreeMap; typedef indirect_cmp<PseudoDegreeMap, std::less<DS> > Compare; typedef typename boost::sparse::sparse_ordering_queue<Vertex> queue; typedef typename detail::bfs_king_visitor<OutputIterator, queue, Compare, PseudoDegreeMap, std::vector<int>, VertexIndexMap > Visitor; typedef typename graph_traits<Graph>::vertices_size_type vertices_size_type; std::vector<DS> pseudo_degree_vec(num_vertices(g)); PseudoDegreeMap pseudo_degree(pseudo_degree_vec.begin(), index_map); typename graph_traits<Graph>::vertex_iterator ui, ui_end; queue Q; // Copy degree to pseudo_degree // initialize the color map for (tie(ui, ui_end) = vertices(g); ui != ui_end; ++ui){ put(pseudo_degree, *ui, get(degree, *ui)); put(color, *ui, Color::white()); } Compare comp(pseudo_degree); std::vector<int> colors(num_vertices(g)); for(vertices_size_type i = 0; i < num_vertices(g); i++) colors[i] = 0; std::vector<int> loc(num_vertices(g)); //create the visitor Visitor vis(&permutation, &Q, comp, pseudo_degree, loc, colors, index_map); while( !vertex_queue.empty() ) { Vertex s = vertex_queue.front(); vertex_queue.pop_front(); //call BFS with visitor breadth_first_visit(g, s, Q, vis, color); } return permutation; } // This is the case where only a single starting vertex is supplied. template <class Graph, class OutputIterator, class ColorMap, class DegreeMap, typename VertexIndexMap> OutputIterator king_ordering(const Graph& g, typename graph_traits<Graph>::vertex_descriptor s, OutputIterator permutation, ColorMap color, DegreeMap degree, VertexIndexMap index_map) { std::deque< typename graph_traits<Graph>::vertex_descriptor > vertex_queue; vertex_queue.push_front( s ); return king_ordering(g, vertex_queue, permutation, color, degree, index_map); } template < class Graph, class OutputIterator, class ColorMap, class DegreeMap, class VertexIndexMap> OutputIterator king_ordering(const Graph& G, OutputIterator permutation, ColorMap color, DegreeMap degree, VertexIndexMap index_map) { if (vertices(G).first == vertices(G).second) return permutation; typedef typename boost::graph_traits<Graph>::vertex_descriptor Vertex; typedef typename boost::graph_traits<Graph>::vertex_iterator VerIter; typedef typename property_traits<ColorMap>::value_type ColorValue; typedef color_traits<ColorValue> Color; std::deque<Vertex> vertex_queue; // Mark everything white BGL_FORALL_VERTICES_T(v, G, Graph) put(color, v, Color::white()); // Find one vertex from each connected component BGL_FORALL_VERTICES_T(v, G, Graph) { if (get(color, v) == Color::white()) { depth_first_visit(G, v, dfs_visitor<>(), color); vertex_queue.push_back(v); } } // Find starting nodes for all vertices // TBD: How to do this with a directed graph? for (typename std::deque<Vertex>::iterator i = vertex_queue.begin(); i != vertex_queue.end(); ++i) *i = find_starting_node(G, *i, color, degree); return king_ordering(G, vertex_queue, permutation, color, degree, index_map); } template<typename Graph, typename OutputIterator, typename VertexIndexMap> OutputIterator king_ordering(const Graph& G, OutputIterator permutation, VertexIndexMap index_map) { if (vertices(G).first == vertices(G).second) return permutation; typedef out_degree_property_map<Graph> DegreeMap; std::vector<default_color_type> colors(num_vertices(G)); return king_ordering(G, permutation, make_iterator_property_map(&colors[0], index_map, colors[0]), make_out_degree_map(G), index_map); } template<typename Graph, typename OutputIterator> inline OutputIterator king_ordering(const Graph& G, OutputIterator permutation) { return king_ordering(G, permutation, get(vertex_index, G)); } } // namespace boost #endif // BOOST_GRAPH_KING_HPP