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/*- * See the file LICENSE for redistribution information. * * Copyright (c) 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 * Sleepycat Software. All rights reserved. * * @(#)mutex.h 11.6 (Sleepycat) 10/15/99 */ /********************************************************************* * POSIX.1 pthreads interface. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_PTHREADS #include <pthread.h> #define MUTEX_FIELDS \ pthread_mutex_t mutex; /* Mutex. */ \ pthread_cond_t cond; /* Condition variable. */ #endif /********************************************************************* * Solaris lwp threads interface. * * !!! * We use LWP mutexes on Solaris instead of UI or POSIX mutexes (both of * which are available), for two reasons. First, the Solaris C library * includes versions of the both UI and POSIX thread mutex interfaces, but * they are broken in that they don't support inter-process locking, and * there's no way to detect it, e.g., calls to configure the mutexes for * inter-process locking succeed without error. So, we use LWP mutexes so * that we don't fail in fairly undetectable ways because the application * wasn't linked with the appropriate threads library. Second, there were * bugs in SunOS 5.7 (Solaris 7) where if an application loaded the C library * before loading the libthread/libpthread threads libraries (e.g., by using * dlopen to load the DB library), the pwrite64 interface would be translated * into a call to pwrite and DB would drop core. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_SOLARIS_LWP #include <synch.h> #define MUTEX_FIELDS \ lwp_mutex_t mutex; /* Mutex. */ \ lwp_cond_t cond; /* Condition variable. */ #endif /********************************************************************* * Solaris/Unixware threads interface. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_UI_THREADS #include <thread.h> #include <synch.h> #define MUTEX_FIELDS \ mutex_t mutex; /* Mutex. */ \ cond_t cond; /* Condition variable. */ #endif /********************************************************************* * AIX C library functions. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_AIX_CHECK_LOCK #include <sys/atomic_op.h> typedef int tsl_t; #define MUTEX_ALIGN sizeof(int) #define MUTEX_SET(x) (!_check_lock(x, 0, 1)) #define MUTEX_UNSET(x) _clear_lock(x, 0) #endif /********************************************************************* * General C library functions (msemaphore). * * !!! * Check for HPPA as a special case, because it requires unusual alignment, * and doesn't support semaphores in malloc(3) or shmget(2) memory. * * !!! * Do not remove the MSEM_IF_NOWAIT flag. The problem is that if a single * process makes two msem_lock() calls in a row, the second one returns an * error. We depend on the fact that we can lock against ourselves in the * locking subsystem, where we set up a mutex so that we can block ourselves. * Tested on OSF1 v4.0. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_HPPA_MSEM_INIT #define MUTEX_NO_MALLOC_LOCKS #define MUTEX_NO_SHMGET_LOCKS #define MUTEX_ALIGN 16 #endif #if defined(HAVE_MUTEX_MSEM_INIT) || defined(HAVE_MUTEX_HPPA_MSEM_INIT) #include <sys/mman.h> typedef msemaphore tsl_t; #ifndef MUTEX_ALIGN #define MUTEX_ALIGN sizeof(int) #endif #define MUTEX_INIT(x) (msem_init(x, MSEM_UNLOCKED) == NULL) #define MUTEX_SET(x) (!msem_lock(x, MSEM_IF_NOWAIT)) #define MUTEX_UNSET(x) msem_unlock(x, 0) #endif /********************************************************************* * MacOS. * * !!! * We should simplify this by always returning a no-need-to-lock lock * when we initialize the mutex. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_MACOS typedef unsigned char tsl_t; #define MUTEX_INIT(x) 0 #endif /********************************************************************* * Reliant UNIX C library functions. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_RELIANTUNIX_INITSPIN #include <ulocks.h> typedef spinlock_t tsl_t; #define MUTEX_INIT(x) initspin(x, 1) #define MUTEX_SET(x) (cspinlock(x) == 0) #define MUTEX_UNSET(x) spinunlock(x) #endif /********************************************************************* * General C library functions (POSIX 1003.1 sema_XXX). * * !!! * Never selected by autoconfig in this release (semaphore calls are known * to not work in Solaris 5.5). *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_SEMA_INIT #include <synch.h> typedef sema_t tsl_t; #define MUTEX_ALIGN sizeof(int) #define MUTEX_INIT(x) (sema_init(x, 1, USYNC_PROCESS, NULL) != 0) #define MUTEX_SET(x) (sema_wait(x) == 0) #define MUTEX_UNSET(x) sema_post(x) #endif /********************************************************************* * SGI C library functions. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_SGI_INIT_LOCK #include <abi_mutex.h> typedef abilock_t tsl_t; #define MUTEX_ALIGN sizeof(int) #define MUTEX_INIT(x) (init_lock(x) != 0) #define MUTEX_SET(x) (!acquire_lock(x)) #define MUTEX_UNSET(x) release_lock(x) #endif /********************************************************************* * Solaris C library functions. * * !!! * These are undocumented functions, but they're the only ones that work * correctly as far as we know. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_SOLARIS_LOCK_TRY #include <sys/machlock.h> typedef lock_t tsl_t; #define MUTEX_ALIGN sizeof(int) #define MUTEX_INIT(x) 0 #define MUTEX_SET(x) _lock_try(x) #define MUTEX_UNSET(x) _lock_clear(x) #endif /********************************************************************* * VMS. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_VMS #include <sys/mman.h>; #include <builtins.h> typedef unsigned char tsl_t; #define MUTEX_ALIGN sizeof(unsigned int) #ifdef __ALPHA #define MUTEX_SET(tsl) (!__TESTBITSSI(tsl, 0)) #else /* __VAX */ #define MUTEX_SET(tsl) (!(int)_BBSSI(0, tsl)) #endif #define MUTEX_UNSET(tsl) (*(tsl) = 0) #define MUTEX_INIT(tsl) MUTEX_UNSET(tsl) #endif /********************************************************************* * Win16 * * Win16 spinlocks are simple because we cannot possibly be preempted. * * !!! * We should simplify this by always returning a no-need-to-lock lock * when we initialize the mutex. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_WIN16 typedef unsigned int tsl_t; #define MUTEX_ALIGN sizeof(unsigned int) #define MUTEX_INIT(x) 0 #define MUTEX_SET(tsl) (*(tsl) = 1) #define MUTEX_UNSET(tsl) (*(tsl) = 0) #endif /********************************************************************* * Win32 * * XXX * DBDB this needs to be byte-aligned!! *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_WIN32 typedef unsigned int tsl_t; #define MUTEX_ALIGN sizeof(unsigned int) #define MUTEX_INIT(x) 0 #define MUTEX_SET(tsl) (!InterlockedExchange((PLONG)tsl, 1)) #define MUTEX_UNSET(tsl) (*(tsl) = 0) #endif /********************************************************************* * 68K/gcc assembly. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_68K_GCC_ASSEMBLY typedef unsigned char tsl_t; #endif /********************************************************************* * ALPHA/gcc assembly. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_ALPHA_GCC_ASSEMBLY typedef u_int32_t tsl_t; #define MUTEX_ALIGN 4 #endif /********************************************************************* * HPPA/gcc assembly. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_HPPA_GCC_ASSEMBLY typedef u_int32_t tsl_t; #define MUTEX_ALIGN 16 #endif /********************************************************************* * SCO/cc assembly. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_SCO_X86_CC_ASSEMBLY typedef unsigned char tsl_t; #endif /********************************************************************* * Sparc/gcc assembly. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_SPARC_GCC_ASSEMBLY typedef unsigned char tsl_t; #endif /********************************************************************* * UTS/cc assembly. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_UTS_CC_ASSEMBLY typedef int tsl_t; #define MUTEX_ALIGN sizeof(int) #define MUTEX_INIT(x) 0 #define MUTEX_SET(x) (!uts_lock(x, 1)) #define MUTEX_UNSET(x) (*(x) = 0) #endif /********************************************************************* * x86/gcc assembly. *********************************************************************/ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_X86_GCC_ASSEMBLY typedef unsigned char tsl_t; #endif /* * Mutex alignment defaults to one byte. * * !!! * Various systems require different alignments for mutexes (the worst we've * seen so far is 16-bytes on some HP architectures). Malloc(3) is assumed * to return reasonable alignment, all other mutex users must ensure proper * alignment locally. */ #ifndef MUTEX_ALIGN #define MUTEX_ALIGN 1 #endif #define MUTEX_IGNORE 0x001 /* Ignore, no lock required. */ #define MUTEX_SELF_BLOCK 0x002 /* Must block self. */ #define MUTEX_THREAD 0x004 /* Thread-only mutex. */ /* Mutex. */ struct __mutex_t { #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_THREADS #ifdef MUTEX_FIELDS MUTEX_FIELDS #else tsl_t tas; /* Test and set. */ #endif u_int32_t spins; /* Spins before block. */ u_int32_t locked; /* !0 if locked. */ #else u_int32_t off; /* Byte offset to lock. */ u_int32_t pid; /* Lock holder: 0 or process pid. */ #endif u_int32_t mutex_set_wait; /* Granted after wait. */ u_int32_t mutex_set_nowait; /* Granted without waiting. */ u_int8_t flags; /* MUTEX_XXX */ }; /* Redirect calls to the correct functions. */ #ifdef HAVE_MUTEX_THREADS #if defined(HAVE_MUTEX_PTHREADS) || defined(HAVE_MUTEX_SOLARIS_LWP) || defined(HAVE_MUTEX_UI_THREADS) #define __db_mutex_init(a, b, c, d) CDB___db_pthread_mutex_init(a, b, d) #define __db_mutex_lock(a, b) CDB___db_pthread_mutex_lock(a) #define __db_mutex_unlock(a) CDB___db_pthread_mutex_unlock(a) #else #define __db_mutex_init(a, b, c, d) CDB___db_tas_mutex_init(a, b, d) #define __db_mutex_lock(a, b) CDB___db_tas_mutex_lock(a) #define __db_mutex_unlock(a) CDB___db_tas_mutex_unlock(a) #endif #else #define __db_mutex_init(a, b, c, d) CDB___db_fcntl_mutex_init(a, b, c) #define __db_mutex_lock(a, b) CDB___db_fcntl_mutex_lock(a, b) #define __db_mutex_unlock(a) CDB___db_fcntl_mutex_unlock(a) #endif /* * Lock/unlock a mutex. If the mutex was marked as uninteresting, the thread * of control can proceed without it. * * If the lock is for threads-only, then it was optionally not allocated and * file handles aren't necessary, as threaded applications aren't supported by * fcntl(2) locking. */ #define MUTEX_LOCK(mp, fh) \ if (!F_ISSET((MUTEX *)(mp), MUTEX_IGNORE)) \ (void)__db_mutex_lock(mp, fh); #define MUTEX_UNLOCK(mp) \ if (!F_ISSET((MUTEX *)(mp), MUTEX_IGNORE)) \ (void)__db_mutex_unlock(mp); #define MUTEX_THREAD_LOCK(mp) \ if (mp != NULL) \ MUTEX_LOCK(mp, NULL) #define MUTEX_THREAD_UNLOCK(mp) \ if (mp != NULL) \ MUTEX_UNLOCK(mp) /* * We use a single file descriptor for fcntl(2) locking, and (generally) the * object's offset in a shared region as the byte that we're locking. So, * there's a (remote) possibility that two objects might have the same offsets * such that the locks could conflict, resulting in deadlock. To avoid this * possibility, we offset the region offset by a small integer value, using a * different offset for each subsystem's locks. Since all region objects are * suitably aligned, the offset guarantees that we don't collide with another * region's objects. */ #define DB_FCNTL_OFF_GEN 0 /* Everything else. */ #define DB_FCNTL_OFF_LOCK 1 /* Lock subsystem offset. */ #define DB_FCNTL_OFF_MPOOL 2 /* Mpool subsystem offset. */