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/* * $Id: libnet-functions.h,v 1.42 2004/03/25 18:50:48 mike Exp $ * * libnet-functions.h - function prototypes * * Copyright (c) 1998 - 2004 Mike D. Schiffman <mike@infonexus.com> * All rights reserved. * * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions * are met: * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF * SUCH DAMAGE. * */ #ifndef __LIBNET_FUNCTIONS_H #define __LIBNET_FUNCTIONS_H /** * @file libnet-functions.h * @brief libnet exported function prototypes */ /** * Creates the libnet environment. It initializes the library and returns a * libnet context. If the injection_type is LIBNET_LINK or LIBNET_LINK_ADV, the * function initializes the injection primitives for the link-layer interface * enabling the application programmer to build packets starting at the * data-link layer (which also provides more granular control over the IP * layer). If libnet uses the link-layer and the device argument is non-NULL, * the function attempts to use the specified network device for packet * injection. This is either a canonical string that references the device * (such as "eth0" for a 100MB Ethernet card on Linux or "fxp0" for a 100MB * Ethernet card on OpenBSD) or the dots and decimals representation of the * device's IP address (192.168.0.1). If device is NULL, libnet attempts to * find a suitable device to use. If the injection_type is LIBNET_RAW4 or * LIBNET_RAW4_ADV, the function initializes the injection primitives for the * IPv4 raw socket interface. The final argument, err_buf, should be a buffer * of size LIBNET_ERRBUF_SIZE and holds an error message if the function fails. * This function requires root privileges to execute successfully. Upon * success, the function returns a valid libnet context for use in later * function calls; upon failure, the function returns NULL. * @param injection_type packet injection type (LIBNET_LINK, LIBNET_LINK_ADV, LIBNET_RAW4, LIBNET_RAW4_ADV, LIBNET_RAW6, LIBNET_RAW6_ADV) * @param device the interface to use (NULL and libnet will choose one) * @param err_buf will contain an error message on failure * @return libnet context ready for use or NULL on error. */ libnet_t * libnet_init(int injection_type, char *device, char *err_buf); /** * Shuts down the libnet session referenced by l. It closes the network * interface and frees all internal memory structures associated with l. * @param l pointer to a libnet context */ void libnet_destroy(libnet_t *l); /** * Clears the current packet referenced and frees all pblocks. Should be * called when the programmer want to send a completely new packet of * a different type using the same context. * @param l pointer to a libnet context */ void libnet_clear_packet(libnet_t *l); /** * Fills in a libnet_stats structure with packet injection statistics * (packets written, bytes written, packet sending errors). * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ls pointer to a libnet statistics structure */ void libnet_stats(libnet_t *l, struct libnet_stats *ls); /** * Returns the FILENO of the file descriptor used for packet injection. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return the file number of the file descriptor used for packet injection */ int libnet_getfd(libnet_t *l); /** * Returns the canonical name of the device used for packet injection. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return the canonical name of the device used for packet injection. Note * it can be NULL without being an error. */ int8_t * libnet_getdevice(libnet_t *l); /** * Returns the pblock buffer contents for the specified ptag; a * subsequent call to libnet_getpbuf_size() should be made to determine the * size of the buffer. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag the ptag reference number * @return a pointer to the pblock buffer or NULL on error */ u_int8_t * libnet_getpbuf(libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Returns the pblock buffer size for the specified ptag; a * previous call to libnet_getpbuf() should be made to pull the actual buffer * contents. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag the ptag reference number * @return the size of the pblock buffer */ u_int32_t libnet_getpbuf_size(libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Returns the last error set inside of the referenced libnet context. This * function should be called anytime a function fails or an error condition * is detected inside of libnet. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return an error string or NULL if no error has occured */ char * libnet_geterror(libnet_t *l); /** * Returns the sum of the size of all of the pblocks inside of l (this should * be the resuling packet size). * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return the size of the packet in l */ u_int32_t libnet_getpacket_size(libnet_t *l); /** * Seeds the psuedo-random number generator. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return 1 on success, -1 on failure */ int libnet_seed_prand(libnet_t *l); /** * Generates an unsigned psuedo-random value within the range specified by * mod. * LIBNET_PR2 0 - 1 * LIBNET_PR8 0 - 255 * LIBNET_PR16 0 - 32767 * LIBNET_PRu16 0 - 65535 * LIBNET_PR32 0 - 2147483647 * LIBNET_PRu32 0 - 4294967295 * * @param mod one the of LIBNET_PR* constants * @return 1 on success, -1 on failure */ u_int32_t libnet_get_prand(int mod); /** * If a given protocol header is built with the checksum field set to "0", by * default libnet will calculate the header checksum prior to injection. If the * header is set to any other value, by default libnet will not calculate the * header checksum. To over-ride this behavior, use libnet_toggle_checksum(). * Switches auto-checksumming on or off for the specified ptag. If mode is set * to LIBNET_ON, libnet will mark the specificed ptag to calculate a checksum * for the ptag prior to injection. This assumes that the ptag refers to a * protocol that has a checksum field. If mode is set to LIBNET_OFF, libnet * will clear the checksum flag and no checksum will be computed prior to * injection. This assumes that the programmer will assign a value (zero or * otherwise) to the checksum field. Often times this is useful if a * precomputed checksum or some other predefined value is going to be used. * Note that when libnet is initialized with LIBNET_RAW4, the IPv4 header * checksum will always be computed by the kernel prior to injection, * regardless of what the programmer sets. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag the ptag reference number * @param mode LIBNET_ON or LIBNET_OFF * @return 1 on success, -1 on failure */ int libnet_toggle_checksum(libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag, int mode); /** * Takes a network byte ordered IPv4 address and returns a pointer to either a * canonical DNS name (if it has one) or a string of dotted decimals. This may * incur a DNS lookup if the hostname and mode is set to LIBNET_RESOLVE. If * mode is set to LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE, no DNS lookup will be performed and * the function will return a pointer to a dotted decimal string. The function * cannot fail -- if no canonical name exists, it will fall back on returning * a dotted decimal string. This function is non-reentrant. * @param in network byte ordered IPv4 address * @param use_name LIBNET_RESOLVE or LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE * @return a pointer to presentation format string */ char * libnet_addr2name4(u_int32_t in, u_int8_t use_name); /** * Takes a dotted decimal string or a canonical DNS name and returns a * network byte ordered IPv4 address. This may incur a DNS lookup if mode is * set to LIBNET_RESOLVE and host_name refers to a canonical DNS name. If mode * is set to LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE no DNS lookup will occur. The function can * fail if DNS lookup fails or if mode is set to LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE and * host_name refers to a canonical DNS name. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param host_name pointer to a string containing a presentation format host * name * @param use_name LIBNET_RESOLVE or LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE * @return network byte ordered IPv4 address or -1 (2^32 - 1) on error */ u_int32_t libnet_name2addr4(libnet_t *l, char *host_name, u_int8_t use_name); extern const struct libnet_in6_addr in6addr_error; /** * Takes a dotted decimal string or a canonical DNS name and returns a * network byte ordered IPv6 address. This may incur a DNS lookup if mode is * set to LIBNET_RESOLVE and host_name refers to a canonical DNS name. If mode * is set to LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE no DNS lookup will occur. The function can * fail if DNS lookup fails or if mode is set to LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE and * host_name refers to a canonical DNS name. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param host_name pointer to a string containing a presentation format host * name * @param use_name LIBNET_RESOLVE or LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE * @return network byte ordered IPv6 address structure */ struct libnet_in6_addr libnet_name2addr6(libnet_t *l, char *host_name, u_int8_t use_name); /** * Should document this baby right here. */ void libnet_addr2name6_r(struct libnet_in6_addr addr, u_int8_t use_name, char *host_name, int host_name_len); /** * Creates a new port list. Port list chains are useful for TCP and UDP-based * applications that need to send packets to a range of ports (contiguous or * otherwise). The port list chain, which token_list points to, should contain * a series of int8_tacters from the following list: "0123456789,-" of the * general format "x - y, z", where "xyz" are port numbers between 0 and * 65,535. plist points to the front of the port list chain list for use in * further libnet_plist_chain() functions. Upon success, the function returns * 1. Upon failure, the function returns -1 and libnet_geterror() can tell you * why. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param plist if successful, will refer to the portlist, if not, NULL * @param token_list string containing the port list primitive * @return 1 on success, -1 on failure */ int libnet_plist_chain_new(libnet_t *l, libnet_plist_t **plist, char *token_list); /** * Returns the next port list chain pair from the port list chain plist. bport * and eport contain the starting port number and ending port number, * respectively. Upon success, the function returns 1 and fills in the port * variables; however, if the list is empty, the function returns 0 and sets * both port variables to 0. Upon failure, the function returns -1. * @param plist previously created portlist * @param bport will contain the beginning port number or 0 * @param eport will contain the ending port number or 0 * @return 1 on success, 0 if empty, -1 on failure */ int libnet_plist_chain_next_pair(libnet_plist_t *plist, u_int16_t *bport, u_int16_t *eport); /** * Runs through the port list and prints the contents of the port list chain * list to stdout. * @param plist previously created portlist * @return 1 on success, -1 on failure */ int libnet_plist_chain_dump(libnet_plist_t *plist); /** * Runs through the port list and prints the contents of the port list chain * list to string. This function uses strdup and is not re-entrant. It also * has a memory leak and should not really be used. * @param plist previously created portlist * @return a printable string containing the port list contents on success * NULL on error */ char * libnet_plist_chain_dump_string(libnet_plist_t *plist); /** * Frees all memory associated with port list chain. * @param plist previously created portlist * @return 1 on success, -1 on failure */ int libnet_plist_chain_free(libnet_plist_t *plist); /** * @section PBF Packet Builder Functions * * The core of libnet is the platform-independent packet-building * functionality. These functions enable an application programmer to build * protocol headers (and data) in a simple and consistent manner without having * to worry (too much) about low-level network odds and ends. Each * libnet_build() function builds a piece of a packet (generally a protocol * header). While it is perfectly possible to build an entire, * ready-to-transmit packet with a single call to a libnet_build() function, * generally more than one builder-class function call is required to construct * a full packet. A complete wire-ready packet generally consists of more than * one piece. * Every function that builds a protocol header takes a series of arguments * roughly corresponding to the header values as they appear on the wire. This * process is intuitive but often makes for functions with huge prototypes and * large stack frames. * One important thing to note is that you must call these functions in order, * corresponding to how they should appear on the wire (from the highest * protocol layer on down). This building process is intuitive; it approximates * what happens in an operating system kernel. In other words, to build a * Network Time Protocol (NTP) packet by using the link-layer interface, the * application programmer would call the libnet_build() functions in the * following order: * 1. libnet_build_ntp() * 2. libnet_build_udp() * 3. libnet_build_ipv4() * 4. libnet_build_ethernet() * This ordering is essential for libnet 1.1.x to properly link together the * packet internally (previous libnet versions did not have the requirement). * * @subsection TPI The Payload Interface * * The payload interface specifies an optional way to include data directly * after the protocol header in question. You can use this function for a * variety of purposes, including the following: * - Including additional or arbitrary protocol header information that is not * available from a libnet interface * - Including a packet payload (data segment) * - Building another protocol header that is not available from a libnet * interface * To employ the interface, the application programmer should construct the i * payload data and pass a u_int8_t * to this data and its size to the desired * libnet_build() function. Libnet handles the rest. * * It is important to note that some functions (notably the IPv6 builders) do * use the payload interface to specify variable length but ostensibly * non-optional data. See the individual libnet_build_ipv6*() functions for * more information. * * @subsection PT Protocol Tags and Packet Builder Return Values * * Libnet uses the protocol tag (ptag) to identify individual pieces of a * packet after being created. A new ptag results every time a libnet_build() * function with an empty (0) ptag argument completes successfully. This new * ptag now refers to the packet piece just created. The application * programmer's responsibility is to save this value if he or she plans to * modify this particular portion later on in the program. If the application * programmer needs to modify some portion of that particular packet piece * again, he or she calls the same libnet_build() function specifying the * saved ptag argument. Libnet then searches for that packet piece and modifies * it rather than creating a new one. Upon failure for any reason, * libnet_build() functions return -1; libnet_geterror() tells you why. */ /** * Builds an IEEE 802.1q VLAN tagging header. Depending on the value of * len_proto, the function wraps the 802.1q header inside either an IEEE 802.3 * header or an RFC 894 Ethernet II (DIX) header (both resulting in an 18-byte * frame). If len is 1500 or less, most receiving protocol stacks parse the * frame as an IEEE 802.3 encapsulated frame. If len is one of the Ethernet type * values, most protocol stacks parse the frame as an RFC 894 Ethernet II * encapsulated frame. Note the length value is calculated without the 802.1q * header of 18 bytes. * @param dst pointer to a six byte source ethernet address * @param src pointer to a six byte destination ethernet address * @param tpi tag protocol identifier * @param priority priority * @param cfi canonical format indicator * @param vlan_id vlan identifier * @param len_proto length (802.3) protocol (Ethernet II) * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_1q(u_int8_t *dst, u_int8_t *src, u_int16_t tpi, u_int8_t priority, u_int8_t cfi, u_int16_t vlan_id, u_int16_t len_proto, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IEEE 802.1x extended authentication protocol header. * @param eap_ver the EAP version * @param eap_type the EAP type * @param length frame length * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_1x(u_int8_t eap_ver, u_int8_t eap_type, u_int16_t length, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IEEE 802.2 LLC header. * @param dsap destination service access point * @param ssap source service access point * @param control control field * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_2(u_int8_t dsap, u_int8_t ssap, u_int8_t control, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IEEE 802.2 LLC SNAP header. * @param dsap destination service access point * @param ssap source service access point * @param control control field * @param oui Organizationally Unique Identifier * @param type upper layer protocol * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_2snap(u_int8_t dsap, u_int8_t ssap, u_int8_t control, u_int8_t *oui, u_int16_t type, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IEEE 802.3 header. The 802.3 header is almost identical to the * RFC 894 Ethernet II header, the exception being that the field immediately * following the source address holds the frame's length (as opposed to the * layer 3 protocol). You should only use this function when libnet is * initialized with the LIBNET_LINK interface. * @param dst destination ethernet address * @param src source ethernet address * @param len frame length sans header * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_3(u_int8_t *dst, u_int8_t *src, u_int16_t len, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an Ethernet header. The RFC 894 Ethernet II header is almost * identical to the IEEE 802.3 header, with the exception that the field * immediately following the source address holds the layer 3 protocol (as * opposed to frame's length). You should only use this function when * libnet is initialized with the LIBNET_LINK interface. * @param dst destination ethernet address * @param src source ethernet address * @param type upper layer protocol type * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ethernet(u_int8_t *dst, u_int8_t *src, u_int16_t type, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Autobuilds an Ethernet header. The RFC 894 Ethernet II header is almost * identical to the IEEE 802.3 header, with the exception that the field * immediately following the source address holds the layer 3 protocol (as * opposed to frame's length). You should only use this function when * libnet is initialized with the LIBNET_LINK interface. * @param dst destination ethernet address * @param type upper layer protocol type * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_ethernet(u_int8_t *dst, u_int16_t type, libnet_t *l); /** * Builds a Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) header. * @param fc class format and priority * @oaram dst destination fddi address * @oaram src source fddi address * @param dsap destination service access point * @param ssap source service access point * @param cf cf * @param oui 3 byte IEEE organizational code * @param type upper layer protocol * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_fddi(u_int8_t fc, u_int8_t *dst, u_int8_t *src, u_int8_t dsap, u_int8_t ssap, u_int8_t cf, u_int8_t *oui, u_int16_t type, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Autobuilds a Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) header. * @param fc class format and priority * @oaram dst destination fddi address * @param dsap destination service access point * @param ssap source service access point * @param cf cf * @param oui IEEE organizational code * @param type upper layer protocol * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_fddi(u_int8_t fc, u_int8_t *dst, u_int8_t dsap, u_int8_t ssap, u_int8_t cf, u_int8_t *oui, u_int16_t type, libnet_t *l); /** * Builds an Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) header. Depending on the op * value, the function builds one of several different types of RFC 826 or * RFC 903 RARP packets. * @param hrd hardware address format * @param pro protocol address format * @param hln hardware address length * @param pln protocol address length * @param op ARP operation type * @param sha sender's hardware address * @param spa sender's protocol address * @param tha target hardware address * @param tpa targer protocol address * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_arp(u_int16_t hrd, u_int16_t pro, u_int8_t hln, u_int8_t pln, u_int16_t op, u_int8_t *sha, u_int8_t *spa, u_int8_t *tha, u_int8_t *tpa, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Autouilds an Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) header. Depending on the op * value, the function builds one of several different types of RFC 826 or * RFC 903 RARP packets. * @param op ARP operation type * @param sha sender's hardware address * @param spa sender's protocol address * @param tha target hardware address * @param tpa targer protocol address * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_arp(u_int16_t op, u_int8_t *sha, u_int8_t *spa, u_int8_t *tha, u_int8_t *tpa, libnet_t *l); /** * Builds an RFC 793 Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) header. * @param sp source port * @param dp destination port * @param seq sequence number * @param ack acknowledgement number * @param control control flags * @param win window size * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param urg urgent pointer * @parama len total length of the TCP packet (for checksum calculation) * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_tcp(u_int16_t sp, u_int16_t dp, u_int32_t seq, u_int32_t ack, u_int8_t control, u_int16_t win, u_int16_t sum, u_int16_t urg, u_int16_t len, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an RFC 793 Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) options header. * The function expects options to be a valid TCP options string of size * options_s, which is no larger than 40 bytes (the maximum size of an * options string). The function checks to ensure that the packet consists of * a TCP header preceded by an IPv4 header, and that the addition of the * options string would not result in a packet larger than 65,535 bytes * (IPMAXPACKET). The function counts up the number of 32-bit words in the * options string and adjusts the TCP header length value as necessary. * @param options byte string of TCP options * @param options_s length of options string * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_tcp_options(u_int8_t *options, u_int32_t options_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an RFC 768 User Datagram Protocol (UDP) header. * @param sp source port * @param dp destination port * @param len total length of the UDP packet * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_udp(u_int16_t sp, u_int16_t dp, u_int16_t len, u_int16_t sum, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds a Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) header. Cisco Systems designed CDP * to aid in the network management of adjacent Cisco devices. The CDP protocol * specifies data by using a type/length/value (TLV) setup. The first TLV can * specified by using the functions type, length, and value arguments. To * specify additional TLVs, the programmer could either use the payload * interface or libnet_build_data() to construct them. * @param version CDP version * @param ttl time to live (time information should be cached by recipient) * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param type type of data contained in value * @param len length of value arugment * @param value the CDP information string * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_cdp(u_int8_t version, u_int8_t ttl, u_int16_t sum, u_int16_t type, u_int16_t len, u_int8_t *value, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) * echo request/reply header * @param type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_ECHOREPLY or ICMP_ECHO) * @param code code of ICMP packet (should be 0) * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param id identification number * @param seq packet sequence number * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_echo(u_int8_t type, u_int8_t code, u_int16_t sum, u_int16_t id, u_int16_t seq, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) * IP netmask request/reply header. * @param type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_MASKREQ or ICMP_MASKREPLY) * @param code code of ICMP packet (should be 0) * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param id identification number * @param seq packet sequence number * @param mask subnet mask * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_mask(u_int8_t type, u_int8_t code, u_int16_t sum, u_int16_t id, u_int16_t seq, u_int32_t mask, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) * unreachable header. The IP header that caused the error message should be * built by a previous call to libnet_build_ipv4(). * @param type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_UNREACH) * @param code code of ICMP packet (should be one of the 16 unreachable codes) * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_unreach(u_int8_t type, u_int8_t code, u_int16_t sum, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Message Control Protocol (ICMP) * redirect header. The IP header that caused the error message should be * built by a previous call to libnet_build_ipv4(). * @param type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_REDIRECT) * @param code code of ICMP packet (should be one of the four redirect codes) * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_redirect(u_int8_t type, u_int8_t code, u_int16_t sum, u_int32_t gateway, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) time * exceeded header. The IP header that caused the error message should be * built by a previous call to libnet_build_ipv4(). * @param type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_TIMXCEED) * @param code code of ICMP packet (ICMP_TIMXCEED_INTRANS / ICMP_TIMXCEED_REASS) * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_timeexceed(u_int8_t type, u_int8_t code, u_int16_t sum, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) * timestamp request/reply header. * @param type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_TSTAMP or ICMP_TSTAMPREPLY) * @param code code of ICMP packet (should be 0) * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param id identification number * @param seq sequence number * @param otime originate timestamp * @param rtime receive timestamp * @param ttime transmit timestamp * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_timestamp(u_int8_t type, u_int8_t code, u_int16_t sum, u_int16_t id, u_int16_t seq, n_time otime, n_time rtime, n_time ttime, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an RFC 1112 Internet Group Memebership Protocol (IGMP) header. * @param type packet type * @param code packet code (should be 0) * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param ip IPv4 address * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_igmp(u_int8_t type, u_int8_t code, u_int16_t sum, u_int32_t ip, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds a version 4 RFC 791 Internet Protocol (IP) header. * @param len total length of the IP packet including all subsequent data * @param tos type of service bits * @param id IP identification number * @param frag fragmentation bits and offset * @param ttl time to live in the network * @param prot upper layer protocol * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param src source IPv4 address (little endian) * @param dst destination IPv4 address (little endian) * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv4(u_int16_t len, u_int8_t tos, u_int16_t id, u_int16_t frag, u_int8_t ttl, u_int8_t prot, u_int16_t sum, u_int32_t src, u_int32_t dst, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an version 4 Internet Protocol (IP) options header. The function * expects options to be a valid IP options string of size options_s, no larger * than 40 bytes (the maximum size of an options string). The function checks * to make sure that the preceding header is an IPv4 header and that the * options string would not result in a packet larger than 65,535 bytes * (IPMAXPACKET). The function counts up the number of 32-bit words in the * options string and adjusts the IP header length value as necessary. * @param options byte string of IP options * @param options_s length of options string * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv4_options(u_int8_t *options, u_int32_t options_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Autobuilds a version 4 Internet Protocol (IP) header. The function is useful * to build an IP header quickly when you do not need a granular level of * control. The function takes the same len, prot, and dst arguments as * libnet_build_ipv4(). The function does not accept a ptag argument, but it * does return a ptag. In other words, you can use it to build a new IP header * but not to modify an existing one. * @param len total length of the IP packet including all subsequent data * @param prot upper layer protocol * @param dst destination IPv4 address (little endian) * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_ipv4(u_int16_t len, u_int8_t prot, u_int32_t dst, libnet_t *l); /** * Builds a version 6 RFC 2460 Internet Protocol (IP) header. * @param tc traffic class * @param fl flow label * @param len total length of the IP packet * @param nh next header * @param hl hop limit * @param src source IPv6 address * @param dst destination IPv6 address * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6(u_int8_t tc, u_int32_t fl, u_int16_t len, u_int8_t nh, u_int8_t hl, struct libnet_in6_addr src, struct libnet_in6_addr dst, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds a version 6 RFC 2460 Internet Protocol (IP) fragmentation header. * @param nh next header * @param reserved unused value... OR IS IT! * @param frag fragmentation bits (ala ipv4) * @param id packet identification * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_frag(u_int8_t nh, u_int8_t reserved, u_int16_t frag, u_int32_t id, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds a version 6 RFC 2460 Internet Protocol (IP) routing header. This * function is special in that it uses the payload interface to include the * "type-specific data"; that is the routing information. Most often this will * be a number of 128-bit IPv6 addresses. The application programmer will build * a byte string of IPv6 address and pass them to the function using the * payload interface. * @param nh next header * @param len length of the header in 8-byte octets not including the first 8 octets * @rtype routing header type * @param segments number of routing segments that follow * @param payload optional payload of routing information * @param payload_s payload length * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_routing(u_int8_t nh, u_int8_t len, u_int8_t rtype, u_int8_t segments, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds a version 6 RFC 2460 Internet Protocol (IP) destination options * header. This function is special in that it uses the payload interface to * include the options data. The application programmer will build an IPv6 * options byte string and pass it to the function using the payload interface. * @param nh next header * @param len length of the header in 8-byte octets not including the first 8 octets * @param payload options payload * @param payload_s payload length * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_destopts(u_int8_t nh, u_int8_t len, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds a version 6 RFC 2460 Internet Protocol (IP) hop by hop options * header. This function is special in that it uses the payload interface to * include the options data. The application programmer will build an IPv6 * hop by hop options byte string and pass it to the function using the payload * interface. * @param nh next header * @param len length of the header in 8-byte octets not including the first 8 octets * @param payload options payload * @param payload_s payload length * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_hbhopts(u_int8_t nh, u_int8_t len, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * This function is not yet implement and is a NONOP. * @param len length * @param nh next header * @param dst destination IPv6 address * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_ipv6(u_int16_t len, u_int8_t nh, struct libnet_in6_addr dst, libnet_t *l); /** * Builds a Cisco Inter-Switch Link (ISL) header. * @param dhost destination address (should be 01:00:0c:00:00) * @param type type of frame * @param user user defined data * @param shost source mac address * @param len total length of the encapuslated packet less 18 bytes * @param snap SNAP information (0xaaaa03 + vendor code) * @param vid 15 bit VLAN ID, 1 bit BPDU or CDP indicator * @param index port index * @param reserved used for FDDI and token ring * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_isl(u_int8_t *dhost, u_int8_t type, u_int8_t user, u_int8_t *shost, u_int16_t len, u_int8_t *snap, u_int16_t vid, u_int16_t index, u_int16_t reserved, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an Internet Protocol Security Encapsulating Security Payload header. * @param spi security parameter index * @param seq ESP sequence number * @param iv initialization vector * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipsec_esp_hdr(u_int32_t spi, u_int32_t seq, u_int32_t iv, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an Internet Protocol Security Encapsulating Security Payload footer. * @param len padding length * @param nh next header * @param auth authentication data * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipsec_esp_ftr(u_int8_t len, u_int8_t nh, int8_t *auth, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an Internet Protocol Security Authentication header. * @param nh next header * @param len payload length * @param res reserved * @param spi security parameter index * @param seq sequence number * @param auth authentication data * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipsec_ah(u_int8_t nh, u_int8_t len, u_int16_t res, u_int32_t spi, u_int32_t seq, u_int32_t auth, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an RFC 1035 version 4 DNS header. Additional DNS payload information * should be specified using the payload interface. * @param id DNS packet id * @param flags control flags * @param num_q number of questions * @param num_anws_rr number of answer resource records * @param num_auth_rr number of authority resource records * @param num_addi_rr number of additional resource records * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_dnsv4(u_int16_t h_len, u_int16_t id, u_int16_t flags, u_int16_t num_q, u_int16_t num_anws_rr, u_int16_t num_auth_rr, u_int16_t num_addi_rr, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds a Routing Information Protocol header (RFCs 1058 and 2453). * @param cmd command * @param version protocol version * @param rd version one: 0, version two: routing domain * @param af address family * @param rt version one: 0, version two: route tag * @param addr IPv4 address * @param mask version one: 0, version two: subnet mask * @param next_hop version one: 0, version two: next hop address * @param metric routing metric * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_rip(u_int8_t cmd, u_int8_t version, u_int16_t rd, u_int16_t af, u_int16_t rt, u_int32_t addr, u_int32_t mask, u_int32_t next_hop, u_int32_t metric, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an Remote Procedure Call (Version 2) Call message header as * specified in RFC 1831. This builder provides the option for * specifying the record marking which is required when used with * streaming protocols (TCP). * @param rm record marking indicating the position in a stream, 0 otherwise * @param xid transaction identifier used to link calls and replies * @param prog_num remote program specification typically between 0 - 1fffffff * @param prog_vers remote program version specification * @param procedure procedure to be performed by remote program * @param cflavor authentication credential type * @param clength credential length (should be 0) * @param cdata opaque credential data (currently unused) * @param vflavor authentication verifier type * @param vlength verifier length (should be 0) * @param vdata opaque verifier data (currently unused) * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_rpc_call(u_int32_t rm, u_int32_t xid, u_int32_t prog_num, u_int32_t prog_vers, u_int32_t procedure, u_int32_t cflavor, u_int32_t clength, u_int8_t *cdata, u_int32_t vflavor, u_int32_t vlength, u_int8_t *vdata, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) configuration header. * STP frames are usually encapsulated inside of an 802.2 + 802.3 frame * combination. * @param id protocol id * @param version protocol version * @param bpdu_type bridge protocol data unit type * @param flags flags * @param root_id root id * @param root_pc root path cost * @param bridge_id bridge id * @param port_id port id * @param message_age message age * @param max_age max age * @param hello_time hello time * @param f_delay forward delay * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_stp_conf(u_int16_t id, u_int8_t version, u_int8_t bpdu_type, u_int8_t flags, u_int8_t *root_id, u_int32_t root_pc, u_int8_t *bridge_id, u_int16_t port_id, u_int16_t message_age, u_int16_t max_age, u_int16_t hello_time, u_int16_t f_delay, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) topology change * notification header. STP frames are usually encapsulated inside of an * 802.2 + 802.3 frame combination. * @param id protocol id * @param version protocol version * @param bpdu_type bridge protocol data unit type * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_stp_tcn(u_int16_t id, u_int8_t version, u_int8_t bpdu_type, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds a token ring header. * @param ac access control * @param fc frame control * @param dst destination address * @param src source address * @param dsap destination service access point * @param ssap source service access point * @param cf control field * @param oui Organizationally Unique Identifier * @param type upper layer protocol type * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_token_ring(u_int8_t ac, u_int8_t fc, u_int8_t *dst, u_int8_t *src, u_int8_t dsap, u_int8_t ssap, u_int8_t cf, u_int8_t *oui, u_int16_t type, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Auto-builds a token ring header. * @param ac access control * @param fc frame control * @param dst destination address * @param dsap destination service access point * @param ssap source service access point * @param cf control field * @param oui Organizationally Unique Identifier * @param type upper layer protocol type * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_token_ring(u_int8_t ac, u_int8_t fc, u_int8_t *dst, u_int8_t dsap, u_int8_t ssap, u_int8_t cf, u_int8_t *oui, u_int16_t type, libnet_t *l); /** * Builds an RFC 2338 Virtual Router Redundacy Protool (VRRP) header. Use the * payload interface to specify address and autthentication information. To * build a "legal" packet, the destination IPv4 address should be the multicast * address 224.0.0.18, the IP TTL should be set to 255, and the IP protocol * should be set to 112. * @param version VRRP version (should be 2) * @param type VRRP packet type (should be 1 -- ADVERTISEMENT) * @param vrouter_id virtual router identification * @param priority priority (higher numbers indicate higher priority) * @param ip_count number of IPv4 addresses contained in this advertisement * @param auth_type type of authentication (0, 1, 2 -- see RFC) * @param advert_int interval between advertisements * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill) * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_vrrp(u_int8_t version, u_int8_t type, u_int8_t vrouter_id, u_int8_t priority, u_int8_t ip_count, u_int8_t auth_type, u_int8_t advert_int, u_int16_t sum, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an RFC 3032 Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) header. * @param label 20-bit label value * @param experimental 3-bit reserved field * @param bos 1-bit bottom of stack identifier * @param ttl time to live * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_mpls(u_int32_t label, u_int8_t experimental, u_int8_t bos, u_int8_t ttl, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an RFC 958 Network Time Protocol (NTP) header. * @param leap_indicator the leap indicator * @param version NTP protocol version * @param mode NTP mode * @param stratum stratum * @param poll polling interval * @param precision precision * @param delay_interval delay interval * @param delay_frac delay fraction * @param dispersion_int dispersion interval * @param dispersion_frac dispersion fraction * @param reference_id reference id * @param ref_ts_int reference timestamp integer * @param ref_ts_frac reference timestamp fraction * @param orig_ts_int original timestamp integer * @param orig_ts_frac original timestamp fraction * @param rec_ts_int receiver timestamp integer * @param rec_ts_frac reciever timestamp fraction * @param xmt_ts_int transmit timestamp integer * @param xmt_ts_frac transmit timestamp integer * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ntp(u_int8_t leap_indicator, u_int8_t version, u_int8_t mode, u_int8_t stratum, u_int8_t poll, u_int8_t precision, u_int16_t delay_int, u_int16_t delay_frac, u_int16_t dispersion_int, u_int16_t dispersion_frac, u_int32_t reference_id, u_int32_t ref_ts_int, u_int32_t ref_ts_frac, u_int32_t orig_ts_int, u_int32_t orig_ts_frac, u_int32_t rec_ts_int, u_int32_t rec_ts_frac, u_int32_t xmt_ts_int, u_int32_t xmt_ts_frac, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2(u_int16_t len, u_int8_t type, u_int32_t rtr_id, u_int32_t area_id, u_int16_t sum, u_int16_t autype, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_hello(u_int32_t netmask, u_int16_t interval, u_int8_t opts, u_int8_t priority, u_int dead_int, u_int32_t des_rtr, u_int32_t bkup_rtr, u_int32_t neighbor, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_dbd(u_int16_t dgram_len, u_int8_t opts, u_int8_t type, u_int seqnum, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsr(u_int type, u_int lsid, u_int32_t advrtr, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsu(u_int num, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa(u_int16_t age, u_int8_t opts, u_int8_t type, u_int lsid, u_int32_t advrtr, u_int seqnum, u_int16_t sum, u_int16_t len, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_rtr(u_int16_t flags, u_int16_t num, u_int id, u_int data, u_int8_t type, u_int8_t tos, u_int16_t metric, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_net(u_int32_t nmask, u_int rtrid, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_sum(u_int32_t nmask, u_int metric, u_int tos, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_as(u_int32_t nmask, u_int metric, u_int32_t fwdaddr, u_int tag, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds a generic libnet protocol header. This is useful for including an * optional payload to a packet that might need to change repeatedly inside * of a loop. * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_data(u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_dhcpv4(u_int8_t opcode, u_int8_t htype, u_int8_t hlen, u_int8_t hopcount, u_int32_t xid, u_int16_t secs, u_int16_t flags, u_int32_t cip, u_int32_t yip, u_int32_t sip, u_int32_t gip, u_int8_t *chaddr, u_int8_t *sname, u_int8_t *file, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bootpv4(u_int8_t opcode, u_int8_t htype, u_int8_t hlen, u_int8_t hopcount, u_int32_t xid, u_int16_t secs, u_int16_t flags, u_int32_t cip, u_int32_t yip, u_int32_t sip, u_int32_t gip, u_int8_t *chaddr, u_int8_t *sname, u_int8_t *file, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ inline u_int32_t libnet_getgre_length(u_int16_t fv); /** * Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE - RFC 1701) is used to encapsulate any * protocol. Hence, the IP part of the packet is usually referred as "delivery * header". It is then followed by the GRE header and finally the encapsulated * packet (IP or whatever). * As GRE is very modular, the first GRE header describes the structure of the * header, using bits and flag to specify which fields will be present in the * header. * @param fv the 16 0 to 7: which fields are included in the header (checksum, seq. number, key, ...), bits 8 to 12: flag, bits 13 to 15: version. * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param type which protocol is encapsulated (PPP, IP, ...) * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill). * @param offset byte offset from the start of the routing field to the first byte of the SRE * @param key inserted by the encapsulator to authenticate the source * @param seq sequence number used by the receiver to sort the packets * @param len size of the GRE packet * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_gre(u_int16_t fv, u_int16_t type, u_int16_t sum, u_int16_t offset, u_int32_t key, u_int32_t seq, u_int16_t len, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE - RFC 1701) is used to encapsulate any * protocol. Hence, the IP part of the packet is usually referred as "delivery * header". It is then followed by the GRE header and finally the encapsulated * packet (IP or whatever). * As GRE is very modular, the first GRE header describes the structure of the * header, using bits and flag to specify which fields will be present in the * header. * @param fv the 16 0 to 7: which fields are included in the header (checksum, seq. number, key, ...), bits 8 to 12: flag, bits 13 to 15: version. * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param type which protocol is encapsulated (PPP, IP, ...) * @param sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill). * @param offset byte offset from the start of the routing field to the first byte of the SRE * @param key inserted by the encapsulator to authenticate the source * @param seq sequence number used by the receiver to sort the packets * @param len size of the GRE packet * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_egre(u_int16_t fv, u_int16_t type, u_int16_t sum, u_int16_t offset, u_int32_t key, u_int32_t seq, u_int16_t len, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_gre_sre(u_int16_t af, u_int8_t offset, u_int8_t length, u_int8_t *routing, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_gre_last_sre(libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an RFC 1771 Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4) header. The primary * function of a BGP speaking system is to exchange network reachability * information with other BGP systems. This network reachability information * includes information on the list of Autonomous Systems (ASs) that * reachability information traverses. This information is sufficient to * construct a graph of AS connectivity from which routing loops may be pruned * and some policy decisions at the AS level may be enforced. * This function builds the base BGP header which is used as a preamble before * any other BGP header. For example, a BGP KEEPALIVE message may be built with * only this function, while an error notification requires a subsequent call * to libnet_build_bgp4_notification. * @param marker a value the receiver can predict (if the message type is not BGP OPEN, or no authentication is used, these 16 bytes are normally set as all ones) * @param len total length of the BGP message, including the header * @param type type code of the message (OPEN, UPDATE, NOTIFICATION or KEEPALIVE) * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_header(u_int8_t marker[LIBNET_BGP4_MARKER_SIZE], u_int16_t len, u_int8_t type, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an RFC 1771 Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4) OPEN header. This is * the first message sent by each side of a BGP connection. The optional * parameters options should be constructed using the payload interface (see * RFC 1771 for the options structures). * @param version protocol version (should be set to 4) * @param src_as Autonomous System of the sender * @param hold_time used to compute the maximum allowed time between the receipt of KEEPALIVE, and/or UPDATE messages by the sender * @param bgp_id BGP identifier of the sender * @param opt_len total length of the optional parameters field in bytes * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_open(u_int8_t version, u_int16_t src_as, u_int16_t hold_time, u_int32_t bgp_id, u_int8_t opt_len, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an RFC 1771 Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4) update header. Update * messages are used to transfer routing information between BGP peers. * @param unfeasible_rt_len indicates the length of the (next) "withdrawn routes" field in bytes * @param withdrawn_rt list of IP addresses prefixes for the routes that are being withdrawn; each IP address prefix is built as a 2-tuple <length (1 byte), prefix (variable)> * @param total_path_attr_len indicates the length of the (next) "path attributes" field in bytes * @param path_attributes each attribute is a 3-tuple <type (2 bytes), length, value> * @param info_len indicates the length of the (next) "network layer reachability information" field in bytes (needed for internal memory size calculation) * @param reachability_info 2-tuples <length (1 byte), prefix (variable)>. * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_update(u_int16_t unfeasible_rt_len, u_int8_t *withdrawn_rt, u_int16_t total_path_attr_len, u_int8_t *path_attributes, u_int16_t info_len, u_int8_t *reachability_info, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds an RFC 1771 Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4) notification header. * A NOTIFICATION message is sent when an error condition is detected. Specific * error information may be passed through the payload interface. * @param err_code type of notification * @param err_subcode more specific information about the reported error. * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_notification(u_int8_t err_code, u_int8_t err_subcode, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds a Sebek header. The Sebek protocol was designed by the Honeynet * Project as a transport mechanism for post-intrusion forensic data. More * information may be found here: http://www.honeynet.org/papers/sebek.pdf. * @param magic identify packets that should be hidden * @param version protocol version, currently 1 * @param type type of record (read data is type 0, write data is type 1) * @param counter PDU counter used to identify when packet are lost * @param time_sec seconds since EPOCH according to the honeypot * @param time_usec residual microseconds * @param pid PID * @param uid UID * @param fd FD * @param cmd[SEBEK_CMD_LENGTH] 12 first characters of the command * @param length length in bytes of the PDU's body * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_sebek(u_int32_t magic, u_int16_t version, u_int16_t type, u_int32_t counter, u_int32_t time_sec, u_int32_t time_usec, u_int32_t pid, u_int32_t uid, u_int32_t fd, u_int8_t cmd[SEBEK_CMD_LENGTH], u_int32_t length, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Builds a link layer header for an initialized l. The function * determines the proper link layer header format from how l was initialized. * The function current supports Ethernet and Token Ring link layers. * @param dst the destination MAC address * @param src the source MAC address * @param oui Organizationally Unique Identifier (unused for Ethernet) * @param type the upper layer protocol type * @param payload optional payload or NULL * @param payload_s payload length or 0 * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_link(u_int8_t *dst, u_int8_t *src, u_int8_t *oui, u_int16_t type, u_int8_t *payload, u_int32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /** * Automatically builds a link layer header for an initialized l. The function * determines the proper link layer header format from how l was initialized. * The function current supports Ethernet and Token Ring link layers. * @param dst the destination MAC address * @param oui Organizationally Unique Identifier (unused for Ethernet) * @param type the upper layer protocol type * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return protocol tag value on success, -1 on error */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_link(u_int8_t *dst, u_int8_t *oui, u_int16_t type, libnet_t *l); /** * Writes a prebuilt packet to the network. The function assumes that l was * previously initialized (via a call to libnet_init()) and that a * previously constructed packet has been built inside this context (via one or * more calls to the libnet_build* family of functions) and is ready to go. * Depending on how libnet was initialized, the function will write the packet * to the wire either via the raw or link layer interface. The function will * also bump up the internal libnet stat counters which are retrievable via * libnet_stats(). * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return the number of bytes written, -1 on error */ int libnet_write(libnet_t *l); /** * Returns the IP address for the device libnet was initialized with. If * libnet was initialized without a device (in raw socket mode) the function * will attempt to find one. If the function fails and returns -1 a call to * libnet_geterrror() will tell you why. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return a big endian IP address suitable for use in a libnet_build function or -1 */ u_int32_t libnet_get_ipaddr4(libnet_t *l); /** * This function is not yet implemented under IPv6. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return well, nothing yet */ struct libnet_in6_addr libnet_get_ipaddr6(libnet_t *l); /** * Returns the MAC address for the device libnet was initialized with. If * libnet was initialized without a device the function will attempt to find * one. If the function fails and returns NULL a call to libnet_geterror() will * tell you why. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return a pointer to the MAC address or NULL */ struct libnet_ether_addr * libnet_get_hwaddr(libnet_t *l); /** * Takes a colon separated hexidecimal address (from the command line) and * returns a bytestring suitable for use in a libnet_build function. Note this * function performs an implicit malloc and the return value should be freed * after its use. * @param s the string to be parsed * @param len the resulting size of the returned byte string * @return a byte string or NULL on failure */ u_int8_t * libnet_hex_aton(int8_t *s, int *len); /** * [Advanced Interface] * Yanks a prebuilt, wire-ready packet from the given libnet context. If * libnet was configured to do so (which it is by default) the packet will have * all checksums written in. This function is part of the advanced interface * and is only available when libnet is initialized in advanced mode. It is * important to note that the function performs an implicit malloc() and a * corresponding call to libnet_adv_free_packet() should be made to free the * memory packet occupies. If the function fails libnet_geterror() can tell you * why. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param packet will contain the wire-ready packet * @param packet_s will contain the packet size * @return 1 on success, -1 on failure */ int libnet_adv_cull_packet(libnet_t *l, u_int8_t **packet, u_int32_t *packet_s); /** * [Advanced Interface] * Pulls the header from the specified ptag from the given libnet context. This * function is part of the advanced interface and is only available when libnet * is initialized in advanced mode. If the function fails libnet_geterror() can * tell you why. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param ptag the ptag referencing the header to pull * @param header will contain the header * @param header_s will contain the header size * @return 1 on success, -1 on failure */ int libnet_adv_cull_header(libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag, u_int8_t **header, u_int32_t *header_s); /** * [Advanced Interface] * Writes a packet the network at the link layer. This function is useful to * write a packet that has been constructed by hand by the application * programmer or, more commonly, to write a packet that has been returned by * a call to libnet_adv_cull_packet(). This function is part of the advanced * interface and is only available when libnet is initialized in advanced mode. * If the function fails libnet_geterror() can tell you why. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param packet a pointer to the packet to inject * @param packet_s the size of the packet * @return the number of bytes written, or -1 on failure */ int libnet_adv_write_link(libnet_t *l, u_int8_t *packet, u_int32_t packet_s); /** * [Advanced Interface] * Frees the memory allocated when libnet_adv_cull_packet() is called. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param packet a pointer to the packet to free */ void libnet_adv_free_packet(libnet_t *l, u_int8_t *packet); /** * [Context Queue] * Adds a new context to the libnet context queue. If no queue exists, this * function will create the queue and add the specified libnet context as the * first entry on the list. The functions checks to ensure niether l nor label * are NULL, and that label doesn't refer to an existing context already in the * queue. Additionally, l should refer to a libnet context previously * initialized with a call to libnet_init(). If the context queue in write * locked, this function will fail. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @param label a canonical name given to recognize the new context, no longer than LIBNET_LABEL_SIZE * @return 1 on success, -1 on failure */ int libnet_cq_add(libnet_t *l, char *label); /** * [Context Queue] * Removes a specified context from the libnet context queue by specifying the * libnet context pointer. Note the function will remove the specified context * from the context queue and cleanup internal memory from the queue, it is up * to the application programmer to free the returned libnet context with a * call to libnet_destroy(). Also, as it is not necessary to keep the libnet * context pointer when initially adding it to the context queue, most * application programmers will prefer to refer to entries on the context * queue by canonical name and would use libnet_cq_remove_by_label(). If the * context queue is write locked, this function will fail. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return the pointer to the removed libnet context, NULL on failure */ libnet_t * libnet_cq_remove(libnet_t *l); /** * [Context Queue] * Removes a specified context from the libnet context queue by specifying the * canonical name. Note the function will remove the specified context from * the context queue and cleanup internal memory from the queue, it is up to * the application programmer to free the returned libnet context with a call * to libnet_destroy(). If the context queue is write locked, this function * will fail. * @param label canonical name of the context to remove * @return the pointer to the removed libnet context, NULL on failure */ libnet_t * libnet_cq_remove_by_label(char *label); /** * [Context Queue] * Returns the canonical label associated with the context. * @param l pointer to a libnet context * @return pointer to the libnet context's label */ int8_t * libnet_cq_getlabel(libnet_t *l); /** * [Context Queue] * Locates a libnet context from the queue, indexed by a canonical label. * @param label canonical label of the libnet context to retrieve * @return the expected libnet context, NULL on failure */ libnet_t * libnet_cq_find_by_label(char *label); /** * [Context Queue] * Destroys the entire context queue, calling libnet_destroy() on each * member context. */ void libnet_cq_destroy(); /** * [Context Queue] * Intiailizes the interator interface and set a write lock on the entire * queue. This function is intended to be called just prior to interating * through the entire list of contexts (with the probable intent of inject a * series of packets in rapid succession). This function is often used as * per the following: * * for (l = libnet_cq_head(); libnet_cq_last(); l = libnet_cq_next()) * { * ... * } * * Much of the time, the application programmer will use the iterator as it is * written above; as such, libnet provides a macro to do exactly that, * for_each_context_in_cq(l). Warning: do not call the iterator more than once * in a single loop. * @return the head of the context queue */ libnet_t * libnet_cq_head(); /** * [Context Queue] * Check whether the iterator is at the last context in the queue. * @return 1 if at the end of the context queue, 0 otherwise */ int libnet_cq_last(); /** * [Context Queue] * Get next context from the context queue. * @reutrn the next context from the context queue */ libnet_t * libnet_cq_next(); /** * [Context Queue] * Function returns the number of libnet contexts that are in the queue. * @return the number of libnet contexts currently in the queue */ u_int32_t libnet_cq_size(); /** * [Diagnostic] * Prints the contents of the given context. * @param l pointer to a libnet context */ void libnet_diag_dump_context(libnet_t *l); /** * [Diagnostic] * Prints the contents of every pblock. * @param l pointer to a libnet context */ void libnet_diag_dump_pblock(libnet_t *l); /** * [Diagnostic] * Returns the canonical name of the pblock type. * @param type pblock type * @return a string representing the pblock type type or "unknown" for an unknown value */ char * libnet_diag_dump_pblock_type(u_int8_t type); /** * [Diagnostic] * Function prints the contents of the supplied buffer to the supplied * stream pointer. Will swap endianness based disposition of mode variable. * Useful to be used in conjunction with the advanced interface and a culled * packet. * @param packet the packet to print * @param len length of the packet in bytes * @param swap 1 to swap byte order, 0 to not * @param stream a stream pointer to print to */ void libnet_diag_dump_hex(u_int8_t *packet, u_int32_t len, int swap, FILE *stream); /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_write_raw_ipv4(libnet_t *l, u_int8_t *packet, u_int32_t size); /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_write_raw_ipv6(libnet_t *l, u_int8_t *packet, u_int32_t size); /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_write_link(libnet_t *l, u_int8_t *packet, u_int32_t size); #if ((__WIN32__) && !(__CYGWIN__)) /* * [Internal] */ SOCKET libnet_open_raw4(libnet_t *l); #else /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_open_raw4(libnet_t *l); #endif /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_close_raw4(libnet_t *l); /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_open_raw6(libnet_t *l); /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_close_raw6(libnet_t *l); /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_select_device(libnet_t *l); /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_open_link(libnet_t *l); /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_close_link(libnet_t *l); /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_do_checksum(libnet_t *l, u_int8_t *packet, int protocol, int len); /* * [Internal] */ u_int32_t libnet_compute_crc(u_int8_t *buf, u_int32_t len); /* * [Internal] */ u_int16_t libnet_ip_check(u_int16_t *addr, int len); /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_in_cksum(u_int16_t *addr, int len); /* * [Internal] * If ptag is 0, function will create a pblock for the protocol unit type, * append it to the list and return a pointer to it. If ptag is not 0, * function will search the pblock list for the specified protocol block * and return a pointer to it. */ libnet_pblock_t * libnet_pblock_probe(libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag, u_int32_t n, u_int8_t type); /* * [Internal] * Function creates the pblock list if l->protocol_blocks == NULL or appends * an entry to the doubly linked list. */ libnet_pblock_t * libnet_pblock_new(libnet_t *l, u_int32_t size); /* * [Internal] * Function swaps two pblocks in memory. */ int libnet_pblock_swap(libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag1, libnet_ptag_t ptag2); /* * [Internal] * Function inserts a pblock into the doubly linked list. */ int libnet_pblock_insert_before(libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag1, libnet_ptag_t ptag2); /* * [Internal] * Function removes a pblock from context */ void libnet_pblock_delete(libnet_t *l, libnet_pblock_t *p); /* * [Internal] * Function updates the pblock meta-inforation. Internally it updates the * ptag with a monotonically increasing variable kept in l. This way each * pblock has a succesively increasing ptag identifier. */ libnet_ptag_t libnet_pblock_update(libnet_t *l, libnet_pblock_t *p, u_int32_t h, u_int8_t type); /* * [Internal] * Checksums are a real pain in the <beep>!!! * Function updates referer used to compute the checksum. All * pblock need to know where is their referer (ie IP header). * So, this function is called each time a new IP header is inserted. * It updates the ip_pos field (referer) of each subsequent pblock. */ void libnet_pblock_record_ip_offset(libnet_t *l, u_int32_t offset); /* * [Internal] * Function locates a given block by it's ptag. */ libnet_pblock_t * libnet_pblock_find(libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag); /* * [Internal] * Function copies protocol block data over. */ int libnet_pblock_append(libnet_t *l, libnet_pblock_t *p, u_int8_t *buf, u_int32_t len); /* * [Internal] * Function sets pblock flags. */ void libnet_pblock_setflags(libnet_pblock_t *p, u_int8_t flags); /* * [Internal] * Function returns the protocol number for the protocol block type. If * the type is unknown, the function defaults to returning IPPROTO_IP. */ int libnet_pblock_p2p(u_int8_t type); /* * [Internal] * Function assembles the packet for subsequent writing. Function makes two * passes through the pblock list: */ int libnet_pblock_coalesce(libnet_t *l, u_int8_t **packet, u_int32_t *size); #if !(__WIN32__) /* * [Internal] * By testing if we can retrieve the FLAGS of an iface * we can know if it exists or not and if it is up. */ int libnet_check_iface(libnet_t *l); #endif #if defined(__WIN32__) /* * [Internal] */ BYTE * libnet_win32_get_remote_mac(libnet_t *l, DWORD IP); /* * [Internal] */ int libnet_close_link_interface(libnet_t *l); /* * [Internal] */ BYTE * libnet_win32_read_arp_table(DWORD IP); #endif #endif /* __LIBNET_FUNCTIONS_H */ /* EOF */