http://www.ousob.com --- Legacy Redefined OuSob - File: /wwwroot/clipx/usr/include/linux/usb.h

#ifndef __LINUX_USB_H #define __LINUX_USB_H #include <linux/mod_devicetable.h> #include <linux/usb_ch9.h> #define USB_MAJOR 180 #define USB_DEVICE_MAJOR 189 #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/config.h> #include <linux/errno.h> /* for -ENODEV */ #include <linux/delay.h> /* for mdelay() */ #include <linux/interrupt.h> /* for in_interrupt() */ #include <linux/list.h> /* for struct list_head */ #include <linux/kref.h> /* for struct kref */ #include <linux/device.h> /* for struct device */ #include <linux/fs.h> /* for struct file_operations */ #include <linux/completion.h> /* for struct completion */ #include <linux/sched.h> /* for current && schedule_timeout */ struct usb_device; struct usb_driver; /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * Host-side wrappers for standard USB descriptors ... these are parsed * from the data provided by devices. Parsing turns them from a flat * sequence of descriptors into a hierarchy: * * - devices have one (usually) or more configs; * - configs have one (often) or more interfaces; * - interfaces have one (usually) or more settings; * - each interface setting has zero or (usually) more endpoints. * * And there might be other descriptors mixed in with those. * * Devices may also have class-specific or vendor-specific descriptors. */ /** * struct usb_host_endpoint - host-side endpoint descriptor and queue * @desc: descriptor for this endpoint, wMaxPacketSize in native byteorder * @urb_list: urbs queued to this endpoint; maintained by usbcore * @hcpriv: for use by HCD; typically holds hardware dma queue head (QH) * with one or more transfer descriptors (TDs) per urb * @kobj: kobject for sysfs info * @extra: descriptors following this endpoint in the configuration * @extralen: how many bytes of "extra" are valid * * USB requests are always queued to a given endpoint, identified by a * descriptor within an active interface in a given USB configuration. */ struct usb_host_endpoint { struct usb_endpoint_descriptor desc; struct list_head urb_list; void *hcpriv; struct kobject *kobj; /* For sysfs info */ unsigned char *extra; /* Extra descriptors */ int extralen; }; /* host-side wrapper for one interface setting's parsed descriptors */ struct usb_host_interface { struct usb_interface_descriptor desc; /* array of desc.bNumEndpoint endpoints associated with this * interface setting. these will be in no particular order. */ struct usb_host_endpoint *endpoint; char *string; /* iInterface string, if present */ unsigned char *extra; /* Extra descriptors */ int extralen; }; enum usb_interface_condition { USB_INTERFACE_UNBOUND = 0, USB_INTERFACE_BINDING, USB_INTERFACE_BOUND, USB_INTERFACE_UNBINDING, }; /** * struct usb_interface - what usb device drivers talk to * @altsetting: array of interface structures, one for each alternate * setting that may be selected. Each one includes a set of * endpoint configurations. They will be in no particular order. * @num_altsetting: number of altsettings defined. * @cur_altsetting: the current altsetting. * @driver: the USB driver that is bound to this interface. * @minor: the minor number assigned to this interface, if this * interface is bound to a driver that uses the USB major number. * If this interface does not use the USB major, this field should * be unused. The driver should set this value in the probe() * function of the driver, after it has been assigned a minor * number from the USB core by calling usb_register_dev(). * @condition: binding state of the interface: not bound, binding * (in probe()), bound to a driver, or unbinding (in disconnect()) * @dev: driver model's view of this device * @class_dev: driver model's class view of this device. * * USB device drivers attach to interfaces on a physical device. Each * interface encapsulates a single high level function, such as feeding * an audio stream to a speaker or reporting a change in a volume control. * Many USB devices only have one interface. The protocol used to talk to * an interface's endpoints can be defined in a usb "class" specification, * or by a product's vendor. The (default) control endpoint is part of * every interface, but is never listed among the interface's descriptors. * * The driver that is bound to the interface can use standard driver model * calls such as dev_get_drvdata() on the dev member of this structure. * * Each interface may have alternate settings. The initial configuration * of a device sets altsetting 0, but the device driver can change * that setting using usb_set_interface(). Alternate settings are often * used to control the the use of periodic endpoints, such as by having * different endpoints use different amounts of reserved USB bandwidth. * All standards-conformant USB devices that use isochronous endpoints * will use them in non-default settings. * * The USB specification says that alternate setting numbers must run from * 0 to one less than the total number of alternate settings. But some * devices manage to mess this up, and the structures aren't necessarily * stored in numerical order anyhow. Use usb_altnum_to_altsetting() to * look up an alternate setting in the altsetting array based on its number. */ struct usb_interface { /* array of alternate settings for this interface, * stored in no particular order */ struct usb_host_interface *altsetting; struct usb_host_interface *cur_altsetting; /* the currently * active alternate setting */ unsigned num_altsetting; /* number of alternate settings */ int minor; /* minor number this interface is * bound to */ enum usb_interface_condition condition; /* state of binding */ struct device dev; /* interface specific device info */ struct class_device *class_dev; }; #define to_usb_interface(d) container_of(d, struct usb_interface, dev) #define interface_to_usbdev(intf) \ container_of(intf->dev.parent, struct usb_device, dev) static inline void *usb_get_intfdata (struct usb_interface *intf) { return dev_get_drvdata (&intf->dev); } static inline void usb_set_intfdata (struct usb_interface *intf, void *data) { dev_set_drvdata(&intf->dev, data); } struct usb_interface *usb_get_intf(struct usb_interface *intf); void usb_put_intf(struct usb_interface *intf); /* this maximum is arbitrary */ #define USB_MAXINTERFACES 32 /** * struct usb_interface_cache - long-term representation of a device interface * @num_altsetting: number of altsettings defined. * @ref: reference counter. * @altsetting: variable-length array of interface structures, one for * each alternate setting that may be selected. Each one includes a * set of endpoint configurations. They will be in no particular order. * * These structures persist for the lifetime of a usb_device, unlike * struct usb_interface (which persists only as long as its configuration * is installed). The altsetting arrays can be accessed through these * structures at any time, permitting comparison of configurations and * providing support for the /proc/bus/usb/devices pseudo-file. */ struct usb_interface_cache { unsigned num_altsetting; /* number of alternate settings */ struct kref ref; /* reference counter */ /* variable-length array of alternate settings for this interface, * stored in no particular order */ struct usb_host_interface altsetting[0]; }; #define ref_to_usb_interface_cache(r) \ container_of(r, struct usb_interface_cache, ref) #define altsetting_to_usb_interface_cache(a) \ container_of(a, struct usb_interface_cache, altsetting[0]) /** * struct usb_host_config - representation of a device's configuration * @desc: the device's configuration descriptor. * @string: pointer to the cached version of the iConfiguration string, if * present for this configuration. * @interface: array of pointers to usb_interface structures, one for each * interface in the configuration. The number of interfaces is stored * in desc.bNumInterfaces. These pointers are valid only while the * the configuration is active. * @intf_cache: array of pointers to usb_interface_cache structures, one * for each interface in the configuration. These structures exist * for the entire life of the device. * @extra: pointer to buffer containing all extra descriptors associated * with this configuration (those preceding the first interface * descriptor). * @extralen: length of the extra descriptors buffer. * * USB devices may have multiple configurations, but only one can be active * at any time. Each encapsulates a different operational environment; * for example, a dual-speed device would have separate configurations for * full-speed and high-speed operation. The number of configurations * available is stored in the device descriptor as bNumConfigurations. * * A configuration can contain multiple interfaces. Each corresponds to * a different function of the USB device, and all are available whenever * the configuration is active. The USB standard says that interfaces * are supposed to be numbered from 0 to desc.bNumInterfaces-1, but a lot * of devices get this wrong. In addition, the interface array is not * guaranteed to be sorted in numerical order. Use usb_ifnum_to_if() to * look up an interface entry based on its number. * * Device drivers should not attempt to activate configurations. The choice * of which configuration to install is a policy decision based on such * considerations as available power, functionality provided, and the user's * desires (expressed through userspace tools). However, drivers can call * usb_reset_configuration() to reinitialize the current configuration and * all its interfaces. */ struct usb_host_config { struct usb_config_descriptor desc; char *string; /* iConfiguration string, if present */ /* the interfaces associated with this configuration, * stored in no particular order */ struct usb_interface *interface[USB_MAXINTERFACES]; /* Interface information available even when this is not the * active configuration */ struct usb_interface_cache *intf_cache[USB_MAXINTERFACES]; unsigned char *extra; /* Extra descriptors */ int extralen; }; int __usb_get_extra_descriptor(char *buffer, unsigned size, unsigned char type, void **ptr); #define usb_get_extra_descriptor(ifpoint,type,ptr)\ __usb_get_extra_descriptor((ifpoint)->extra,(ifpoint)->extralen,\ type,(void**)ptr) /* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */ struct usb_operations; /* USB device number allocation bitmap */ struct usb_devmap { unsigned long devicemap[128 / (8*sizeof(unsigned long))]; }; /* * Allocated per bus (tree of devices) we have: */ struct usb_bus { struct device *controller; /* host/master side hardware */ int busnum; /* Bus number (in order of reg) */ char *bus_name; /* stable id (PCI slot_name etc) */ u8 otg_port; /* 0, or number of OTG/HNP port */ unsigned is_b_host:1; /* true during some HNP roleswitches */ unsigned b_hnp_enable:1; /* OTG: did A-Host enable HNP? */ int devnum_next; /* Next open device number in * round-robin allocation */ struct usb_devmap devmap; /* device address allocation map */ struct usb_operations *op; /* Operations (specific to the HC) */ struct usb_device *root_hub; /* Root hub */ struct list_head bus_list; /* list of busses */ void *hcpriv; /* Host Controller private data */ int bandwidth_allocated; /* on this bus: how much of the time * reserved for periodic (intr/iso) * requests is used, on average? * Units: microseconds/frame. * Limits: Full/low speed reserve 90%, * while high speed reserves 80%. */ int bandwidth_int_reqs; /* number of Interrupt requests */ int bandwidth_isoc_reqs; /* number of Isoc. requests */ struct dentry *usbfs_dentry; /* usbfs dentry entry for the bus */ struct class_device *class_dev; /* class device for this bus */ struct kref kref; /* reference counting for this bus */ void (*release)(struct usb_bus *bus); #if defined(CONFIG_USB_MON) struct mon_bus *mon_bus; /* non-null when associated */ int monitored; /* non-zero when monitored */ #endif }; /* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */ /* This is arbitrary. * From USB 2.0 spec Table 11-13, offset 7, a hub can * have up to 255 ports. The most yet reported is 10. */ #define USB_MAXCHILDREN (16) struct usb_tt; /* * struct usb_device - kernel's representation of a USB device * * FIXME: Write the kerneldoc! * * Usbcore drivers should not set usbdev->state directly. Instead use * usb_set_device_state(). */ struct usb_device { int devnum; /* Address on USB bus */ char devpath [16]; /* Use in messages: /port/port/... */ enum usb_device_state state; /* configured, not attached, etc */ enum usb_device_speed speed; /* high/full/low (or error) */ struct usb_tt *tt; /* low/full speed dev, highspeed hub */ int ttport; /* device port on that tt hub */ unsigned int toggle[2]; /* one bit for each endpoint * ([0] = IN, [1] = OUT) */ struct usb_device *parent; /* our hub, unless we're the root */ struct usb_bus *bus; /* Bus we're part of */ struct usb_host_endpoint ep0; struct device dev; /* Generic device interface */ struct usb_device_descriptor descriptor;/* Descriptor */ struct usb_host_config *config; /* All of the configs */ struct usb_host_config *actconfig;/* the active configuration */ struct usb_host_endpoint *ep_in[16]; struct usb_host_endpoint *ep_out[16]; char **rawdescriptors; /* Raw descriptors for each config */ unsigned short bus_mA; /* Current available from the bus */ u8 portnum; /* Parent port number (origin 1) */ int have_langid; /* whether string_langid is valid */ int string_langid; /* language ID for strings */ /* static strings from the device */ char *product; /* iProduct string, if present */ char *manufacturer; /* iManufacturer string, if present */ char *serial; /* iSerialNumber string, if present */ struct list_head filelist; struct class_device *class_dev; struct dentry *usbfs_dentry; /* usbfs dentry entry for the device */ /* * Child devices - these can be either new devices * (if this is a hub device), or different instances * of this same device. * * Each instance needs its own set of data structures. */ int maxchild; /* Number of ports if hub */ struct usb_device *children[USB_MAXCHILDREN]; }; #define to_usb_device(d) container_of(d, struct usb_device, dev) extern struct usb_device *usb_get_dev(struct usb_device *dev); extern void usb_put_dev(struct usb_device *dev); /* USB device locking */ #define usb_lock_device(udev) down(&(udev)->dev.sem) #define usb_unlock_device(udev) up(&(udev)->dev.sem) #define usb_trylock_device(udev) down_trylock(&(udev)->dev.sem) extern int usb_lock_device_for_reset(struct usb_device *udev, struct usb_interface *iface); /* USB port reset for device reinitialization */ extern int usb_reset_device(struct usb_device *dev); extern struct usb_device *usb_find_device(u16 vendor_id, u16 product_id); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* for drivers using iso endpoints */ extern int usb_get_current_frame_number (struct usb_device *usb_dev); /* used these for multi-interface device registration */ extern int usb_driver_claim_interface(struct usb_driver *driver, struct usb_interface *iface, void* priv); /** * usb_interface_claimed - returns true iff an interface is claimed * @iface: the interface being checked * * Returns true (nonzero) iff the interface is claimed, else false (zero). * Callers must own the driver model's usb bus readlock. So driver * probe() entries don't need extra locking, but other call contexts * may need to explicitly claim that lock. * */ static inline int usb_interface_claimed(struct usb_interface *iface) { return (iface->dev.driver != NULL); } extern void usb_driver_release_interface(struct usb_driver *driver, struct usb_interface *iface); const struct usb_device_id *usb_match_id(struct usb_interface *interface, const struct usb_device_id *id); extern struct usb_interface *usb_find_interface(struct usb_driver *drv, int minor); extern struct usb_interface *usb_ifnum_to_if(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned ifnum); extern struct usb_host_interface *usb_altnum_to_altsetting( struct usb_interface *intf, unsigned int altnum); /** * usb_make_path - returns stable device path in the usb tree * @dev: the device whose path is being constructed * @buf: where to put the string * @size: how big is "buf"? * * Returns length of the string (> 0) or negative if size was too small. * * This identifier is intended to be "stable", reflecting physical paths in * hardware such as physical bus addresses for host controllers or ports on * USB hubs. That makes it stay the same until systems are physically * reconfigured, by re-cabling a tree of USB devices or by moving USB host * controllers. Adding and removing devices, including virtual root hubs * in host controller driver modules, does not change these path identifers; * neither does rebooting or re-enumerating. These are more useful identifiers * than changeable ("unstable") ones like bus numbers or device addresses. * * With a partial exception for devices connected to USB 2.0 root hubs, these * identifiers are also predictable. So long as the device tree isn't changed, * plugging any USB device into a given hub port always gives it the same path. * Because of the use of "companion" controllers, devices connected to ports on * USB 2.0 root hubs (EHCI host controllers) will get one path ID if they are * high speed, and a different one if they are full or low speed. */ static inline int usb_make_path (struct usb_device *dev, char *buf, size_t size) { int actual; actual = snprintf (buf, size, "usb-%s-%s", dev->bus->bus_name, dev->devpath); return (actual >= (int)size) ? -1 : actual; } /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ #define USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE \ (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_VENDOR | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_PRODUCT) #define USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_RANGE \ (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_LO | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_HI) #define USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE_AND_VERSION \ (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_RANGE) #define USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_INFO \ (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_CLASS | \ USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_SUBCLASS | \ USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_PROTOCOL) #define USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO \ (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_CLASS | \ USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_SUBCLASS | \ USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_PROTOCOL) /** * USB_DEVICE - macro used to describe a specific usb device * @vend: the 16 bit USB Vendor ID * @prod: the 16 bit USB Product ID * * This macro is used to create a struct usb_device_id that matches a * specific device. */ #define USB_DEVICE(vend,prod) \ .match_flags = USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE, .idVendor = (vend), \ .idProduct = (prod) /** * USB_DEVICE_VER - macro used to describe a specific usb device with a * version range * @vend: the 16 bit USB Vendor ID * @prod: the 16 bit USB Product ID * @lo: the bcdDevice_lo value * @hi: the bcdDevice_hi value * * This macro is used to create a struct usb_device_id that matches a * specific device, with a version range. */ #define USB_DEVICE_VER(vend,prod,lo,hi) \ .match_flags = USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE_AND_VERSION, \ .idVendor = (vend), .idProduct = (prod), \ .bcdDevice_lo = (lo), .bcdDevice_hi = (hi) /** * USB_DEVICE_INFO - macro used to describe a class of usb devices * @cl: bDeviceClass value * @sc: bDeviceSubClass value * @pr: bDeviceProtocol value * * This macro is used to create a struct usb_device_id that matches a * specific class of devices. */ #define USB_DEVICE_INFO(cl,sc,pr) \ .match_flags = USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_INFO, .bDeviceClass = (cl), \ .bDeviceSubClass = (sc), .bDeviceProtocol = (pr) /** * USB_INTERFACE_INFO - macro used to describe a class of usb interfaces * @cl: bInterfaceClass value * @sc: bInterfaceSubClass value * @pr: bInterfaceProtocol value * * This macro is used to create a struct usb_device_id that matches a * specific class of interfaces. */ #define USB_INTERFACE_INFO(cl,sc,pr) \ .match_flags = USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO, .bInterfaceClass = (cl), \ .bInterfaceSubClass = (sc), .bInterfaceProtocol = (pr) /* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */ struct usb_dynids { spinlock_t lock; struct list_head list; }; /** * struct usb_driver - identifies USB driver to usbcore * @name: The driver name should be unique among USB drivers, * and should normally be the same as the module name. * @probe: Called to see if the driver is willing to manage a particular * interface on a device. If it is, probe returns zero and uses * dev_set_drvdata() to associate driver-specific data with the * interface. It may also use usb_set_interface() to specify the * appropriate altsetting. If unwilling to manage the interface, * return a negative errno value. * @disconnect: Called when the interface is no longer accessible, usually * because its device has been (or is being) disconnected or the * driver module is being unloaded. * @ioctl: Used for drivers that want to talk to userspace through * the "usbfs" filesystem. This lets devices provide ways to * expose information to user space regardless of where they * do (or don't) show up otherwise in the filesystem. * @suspend: Called when the device is going to be suspended by the system. * @resume: Called when the device is being resumed by the system. * @id_table: USB drivers use ID table to support hotplugging. * Export this with MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb,...). This must be set * or your driver's probe function will never get called. * @dynids: used internally to hold the list of dynamically added device * ids for this driver. * @driver: the driver model core driver structure. * @no_dynamic_id: if set to 1, the USB core will not allow dynamic ids to be * added to this driver by preventing the sysfs file from being created. * * USB drivers must provide a name, probe() and disconnect() methods, * and an id_table. Other driver fields are optional. * * The id_table is used in hotplugging. It holds a set of descriptors, * and specialized data may be associated with each entry. That table * is used by both user and kernel mode hotplugging support. * * The probe() and disconnect() methods are called in a context where * they can sleep, but they should avoid abusing the privilege. Most * work to connect to a device should be done when the device is opened, * and undone at the last close. The disconnect code needs to address * concurrency issues with respect to open() and close() methods, as * well as forcing all pending I/O requests to complete (by unlinking * them as necessary, and blocking until the unlinks complete). */ struct usb_driver { const char *name; int (*probe) (struct usb_interface *intf, const struct usb_device_id *id); void (*disconnect) (struct usb_interface *intf); int (*ioctl) (struct usb_interface *intf, unsigned int code, void *buf); int (*suspend) (struct usb_interface *intf, pm_message_t message); int (*resume) (struct usb_interface *intf); const struct usb_device_id *id_table; struct usb_dynids dynids; struct device_driver driver; unsigned int no_dynamic_id:1; }; #define to_usb_driver(d) container_of(d, struct usb_driver, driver) extern struct bus_type usb_bus_type; /** * struct usb_class_driver - identifies a USB driver that wants to use the USB major number * @name: the usb class device name for this driver. Will show up in sysfs. * @fops: pointer to the struct file_operations of this driver. * @minor_base: the start of the minor range for this driver. * * This structure is used for the usb_register_dev() and * usb_unregister_dev() functions, to consolidate a number of the * parameters used for them. */ struct usb_class_driver { char *name; struct file_operations *fops; int minor_base; }; /* * use these in module_init()/module_exit() * and don't forget MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, ...) */ int usb_register_driver(struct usb_driver *, struct module *); static inline int usb_register(struct usb_driver *driver) { return usb_register_driver(driver, THIS_MODULE); } extern void usb_deregister(struct usb_driver *); extern int usb_register_dev(struct usb_interface *intf, struct usb_class_driver *class_driver); extern void usb_deregister_dev(struct usb_interface *intf, struct usb_class_driver *class_driver); extern int usb_disabled(void); /* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */ /* * URB support, for asynchronous request completions */ /* * urb->transfer_flags: */ #define URB_SHORT_NOT_OK 0x0001 /* report short reads as errors */ #define URB_ISO_ASAP 0x0002 /* iso-only, urb->start_frame * ignored */ #define URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP 0x0004 /* urb->transfer_dma valid on submit */ #define URB_NO_SETUP_DMA_MAP 0x0008 /* urb->setup_dma valid on submit */ #define URB_NO_FSBR 0x0020 /* UHCI-specific */ #define URB_ZERO_PACKET 0x0040 /* Finish bulk OUT with short packet */ #define URB_NO_INTERRUPT 0x0080 /* HINT: no non-error interrupt * needed */ struct usb_iso_packet_descriptor { unsigned int offset; unsigned int length; /* expected length */ unsigned int actual_length; unsigned int status; }; struct urb; struct pt_regs; typedef void (*usb_complete_t)(struct urb *, struct pt_regs *); /** * struct urb - USB Request Block * @urb_list: For use by current owner of the URB. * @pipe: Holds endpoint number, direction, type, and more. * Create these values with the eight macros available; * usb_{snd,rcv}TYPEpipe(dev,endpoint), where the TYPE is "ctrl" * (control), "bulk", "int" (interrupt), or "iso" (isochronous). * For example usb_sndbulkpipe() or usb_rcvintpipe(). Endpoint * numbers range from zero to fifteen. Note that "in" endpoint two * is a different endpoint (and pipe) from "out" endpoint two. * The current configuration controls the existence, type, and * maximum packet size of any given endpoint. * @dev: Identifies the USB device to perform the request. * @status: This is read in non-iso completion functions to get the * status of the particular request. ISO requests only use it * to tell whether the URB was unlinked; detailed status for * each frame is in the fields of the iso_frame-desc. * @transfer_flags: A variety of flags may be used to affect how URB * submission, unlinking, or operation are handled. Different * kinds of URB can use different flags. * @transfer_buffer: This identifies the buffer to (or from) which * the I/O request will be performed (unless URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP * is set). This buffer must be suitable for DMA; allocate it with * kmalloc() or equivalent. For transfers to "in" endpoints, contents * of this buffer will be modified. This buffer is used for the data * stage of control transfers. * @transfer_dma: When transfer_flags includes URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP, * the device driver is saying that it provided this DMA address, * which the host controller driver should use in preference to the * transfer_buffer. * @transfer_buffer_length: How big is transfer_buffer. The transfer may * be broken up into chunks according to the current maximum packet * size for the endpoint, which is a function of the configuration * and is encoded in the pipe. When the length is zero, neither * transfer_buffer nor transfer_dma is used. * @actual_length: This is read in non-iso completion functions, and * it tells how many bytes (out of transfer_buffer_length) were * transferred. It will normally be the same as requested, unless * either an error was reported or a short read was performed. * The URB_SHORT_NOT_OK transfer flag may be used to make such * short reads be reported as errors. * @setup_packet: Only used for control transfers, this points to eight bytes * of setup data. Control transfers always start by sending this data * to the device. Then transfer_buffer is read or written, if needed. * @setup_dma: For control transfers with URB_NO_SETUP_DMA_MAP set, the * device driver has provided this DMA address for the setup packet. * The host controller driver should use this in preference to * setup_packet. * @start_frame: Returns the initial frame for isochronous transfers. * @number_of_packets: Lists the number of ISO transfer buffers. * @interval: Specifies the polling interval for interrupt or isochronous * transfers. The units are frames (milliseconds) for for full and low * speed devices, and microframes (1/8 millisecond) for highspeed ones. * @error_count: Returns the number of ISO transfers that reported errors. * @context: For use in completion functions. This normally points to * request-specific driver context. * @complete: Completion handler. This URB is passed as the parameter to the * completion function. The completion function may then do what * it likes with the URB, including resubmitting or freeing it. * @iso_frame_desc: Used to provide arrays of ISO transfer buffers and to * collect the transfer status for each buffer. * * This structure identifies USB transfer requests. URBs must be allocated by * calling usb_alloc_urb() and freed with a call to usb_free_urb(). * Initialization may be done using various usb_fill_*_urb() functions. URBs * are submitted using usb_submit_urb(), and pending requests may be canceled * using usb_unlink_urb() or usb_kill_urb(). * * Data Transfer Buffers: * * Normally drivers provide I/O buffers allocated with kmalloc() or otherwise * taken from the general page pool. That is provided by transfer_buffer * (control requests also use setup_packet), and host controller drivers * perform a dma mapping (and unmapping) for each buffer transferred. Those * mapping operations can be expensive on some platforms (perhaps using a dma * bounce buffer or talking to an IOMMU), * although they're cheap on commodity x86 and ppc hardware. * * Alternatively, drivers may pass the URB_NO_xxx_DMA_MAP transfer flags, * which tell the host controller driver that no such mapping is needed since * the device driver is DMA-aware. For example, a device driver might * allocate a DMA buffer with usb_buffer_alloc() or call usb_buffer_map(). * When these transfer flags are provided, host controller drivers will * attempt to use the dma addresses found in the transfer_dma and/or * setup_dma fields rather than determining a dma address themselves. (Note * that transfer_buffer and setup_packet must still be set because not all * host controllers use DMA, nor do virtual root hubs). * * Initialization: * * All URBs submitted must initialize the dev, pipe, transfer_flags (may be * zero), and complete fields. All URBs must also initialize * transfer_buffer and transfer_buffer_length. They may provide the * URB_SHORT_NOT_OK transfer flag, indicating that short reads are * to be treated as errors; that flag is invalid for write requests. * * Bulk URBs may * use the URB_ZERO_PACKET transfer flag, indicating that bulk OUT transfers * should always terminate with a short packet, even if it means adding an * extra zero length packet. * * Control URBs must provide a setup_packet. The setup_packet and * transfer_buffer may each be mapped for DMA or not, independently of * the other. The transfer_flags bits URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP and * URB_NO_SETUP_DMA_MAP indicate which buffers have already been mapped. * URB_NO_SETUP_DMA_MAP is ignored for non-control URBs. * * Interrupt URBs must provide an interval, saying how often (in milliseconds * or, for highspeed devices, 125 microsecond units) * to poll for transfers. After the URB has been submitted, the interval * field reflects how the transfer was actually scheduled. * The polling interval may be more frequent than requested. * For example, some controllers have a maximum interval of 32 milliseconds, * while others support intervals of up to 1024 milliseconds. * Isochronous URBs also have transfer intervals. (Note that for isochronous * endpoints, as well as high speed interrupt endpoints, the encoding of * the transfer interval in the endpoint descriptor is logarithmic. * Device drivers must convert that value to linear units themselves.) * * Isochronous URBs normally use the URB_ISO_ASAP transfer flag, telling * the host controller to schedule the transfer as soon as bandwidth * utilization allows, and then set start_frame to reflect the actual frame * selected during submission. Otherwise drivers must specify the start_frame * and handle the case where the transfer can't begin then. However, drivers * won't know how bandwidth is currently allocated, and while they can * find the current frame using usb_get_current_frame_number () they can't * know the range for that frame number. (Ranges for frame counter values * are HC-specific, and can go from 256 to 65536 frames from "now".) * * Isochronous URBs have a different data transfer model, in part because * the quality of service is only "best effort". Callers provide specially * allocated URBs, with number_of_packets worth of iso_frame_desc structures * at the end. Each such packet is an individual ISO transfer. Isochronous * URBs are normally queued, submitted by drivers to arrange that * transfers are at least double buffered, and then explicitly resubmitted * in completion handlers, so * that data (such as audio or video) streams at as constant a rate as the * host controller scheduler can support. * * Completion Callbacks: * * The completion callback is made in_interrupt(), and one of the first * things that a completion handler should do is check the status field. * The status field is provided for all URBs. It is used to report * unlinked URBs, and status for all non-ISO transfers. It should not * be examined before the URB is returned to the completion handler. * * The context field is normally used to link URBs back to the relevant * driver or request state. * * When the completion callback is invoked for non-isochronous URBs, the * actual_length field tells how many bytes were transferred. This field * is updated even when the URB terminated with an error or was unlinked. * * ISO transfer status is reported in the status and actual_length fields * of the iso_frame_desc array, and the number of errors is reported in * error_count. Completion callbacks for ISO transfers will normally * (re)submit URBs to ensure a constant transfer rate. * * Note that even fields marked "public" should not be touched by the driver * when the urb is owned by the hcd, that is, since the call to * usb_submit_urb() till the entry into the completion routine. */ struct urb { /* private: usb core and host controller only fields in the urb */ struct kref kref; /* reference count of the URB */ spinlock_t lock; /* lock for the URB */ void *hcpriv; /* private data for host controller */ int bandwidth; /* bandwidth for INT/ISO request */ atomic_t use_count; /* concurrent submissions counter */ u8 reject; /* submissions will fail */ /* public: documented fields in the urb that can be used by drivers */ struct list_head urb_list; /* list head for use by the urb's * current owner */ struct usb_device *dev; /* (in) pointer to associated device */ unsigned int pipe; /* (in) pipe information */ int status; /* (return) non-ISO status */ unsigned int transfer_flags; /* (in) URB_SHORT_NOT_OK | ...*/ void *transfer_buffer; /* (in) associated data buffer */ dma_addr_t transfer_dma; /* (in) dma addr for transfer_buffer */ int transfer_buffer_length; /* (in) data buffer length */ int actual_length; /* (return) actual transfer length */ unsigned char *setup_packet; /* (in) setup packet (control only) */ dma_addr_t setup_dma; /* (in) dma addr for setup_packet */ int start_frame; /* (modify) start frame (ISO) */ int number_of_packets; /* (in) number of ISO packets */ int interval; /* (modify) transfer interval * (INT/ISO) */ int error_count; /* (return) number of ISO errors */ void *context; /* (in) context for completion */ usb_complete_t complete; /* (in) completion routine */ struct usb_iso_packet_descriptor iso_frame_desc[0]; /* (in) ISO ONLY */ }; /* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */ /** * usb_fill_control_urb - initializes a control urb * @urb: pointer to the urb to initialize. * @dev: pointer to the struct usb_device for this urb. * @pipe: the endpoint pipe * @setup_packet: pointer to the setup_packet buffer * @transfer_buffer: pointer to the transfer buffer * @buffer_length: length of the transfer buffer * @complete: pointer to the usb_complete_t function * @context: what to set the urb context to. * * Initializes a control urb with the proper information needed to submit * it to a device. */ static inline void usb_fill_control_urb (struct urb *urb, struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int pipe, unsigned char *setup_packet, void *transfer_buffer, int buffer_length, usb_complete_t complete, void *context) { spin_lock_init(&urb->lock); urb->dev = dev; urb->pipe = pipe; urb->setup_packet = setup_packet; urb->transfer_buffer = transfer_buffer; urb->transfer_buffer_length = buffer_length; urb->complete = complete; urb->context = context; } /** * usb_fill_bulk_urb - macro to help initialize a bulk urb * @urb: pointer to the urb to initialize. * @dev: pointer to the struct usb_device for this urb. * @pipe: the endpoint pipe * @transfer_buffer: pointer to the transfer buffer * @buffer_length: length of the transfer buffer * @complete: pointer to the usb_complete_t function * @context: what to set the urb context to. * * Initializes a bulk urb with the proper information needed to submit it * to a device. */ static inline void usb_fill_bulk_urb (struct urb *urb, struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int pipe, void *transfer_buffer, int buffer_length, usb_complete_t complete, void *context) { spin_lock_init(&urb->lock); urb->dev = dev; urb->pipe = pipe; urb->transfer_buffer = transfer_buffer; urb->transfer_buffer_length = buffer_length; urb->complete = complete; urb->context = context; } /** * usb_fill_int_urb - macro to help initialize a interrupt urb * @urb: pointer to the urb to initialize. * @dev: pointer to the struct usb_device for this urb. * @pipe: the endpoint pipe * @transfer_buffer: pointer to the transfer buffer * @buffer_length: length of the transfer buffer * @complete: pointer to the usb_complete_t function * @context: what to set the urb context to. * @interval: what to set the urb interval to, encoded like * the endpoint descriptor's bInterval value. * * Initializes a interrupt urb with the proper information needed to submit * it to a device. * Note that high speed interrupt endpoints use a logarithmic encoding of * the endpoint interval, and express polling intervals in microframes * (eight per millisecond) rather than in frames (one per millisecond). */ static inline void usb_fill_int_urb (struct urb *urb, struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int pipe, void *transfer_buffer, int buffer_length, usb_complete_t complete, void *context, int interval) { spin_lock_init(&urb->lock); urb->dev = dev; urb->pipe = pipe; urb->transfer_buffer = transfer_buffer; urb->transfer_buffer_length = buffer_length; urb->complete = complete; urb->context = context; if (dev->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH) urb->interval = 1 << (interval - 1); else urb->interval = interval; urb->start_frame = -1; } extern void usb_init_urb(struct urb *urb); extern struct urb *usb_alloc_urb(int iso_packets, gfp_t mem_flags); extern void usb_free_urb(struct urb *urb); #define usb_put_urb usb_free_urb extern struct urb *usb_get_urb(struct urb *urb); extern int usb_submit_urb(struct urb *urb, gfp_t mem_flags); extern int usb_unlink_urb(struct urb *urb); extern void usb_kill_urb(struct urb *urb); #define HAVE_USB_BUFFERS void *usb_buffer_alloc (struct usb_device *dev, size_t size, gfp_t mem_flags, dma_addr_t *dma); void usb_buffer_free (struct usb_device *dev, size_t size, void *addr, dma_addr_t dma); #if 0 struct urb *usb_buffer_map (struct urb *urb); void usb_buffer_dmasync (struct urb *urb); void usb_buffer_unmap (struct urb *urb); #endif struct scatterlist; int usb_buffer_map_sg (struct usb_device *dev, unsigned pipe, struct scatterlist *sg, int nents); #if 0 void usb_buffer_dmasync_sg (struct usb_device *dev, unsigned pipe, struct scatterlist *sg, int n_hw_ents); #endif void usb_buffer_unmap_sg (struct usb_device *dev, unsigned pipe, struct scatterlist *sg, int n_hw_ents); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------* * SYNCHRONOUS CALL SUPPORT * *-------------------------------------------------------------------*/ extern int usb_control_msg(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int pipe, __u8 request, __u8 requesttype, __u16 value, __u16 index, void *data, __u16 size, int timeout); extern int usb_bulk_msg(struct usb_device *usb_dev, unsigned int pipe, void *data, int len, int *actual_length, int timeout); /* wrappers around usb_control_msg() for the most common standard requests */ extern int usb_get_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned char desctype, unsigned char descindex, void *buf, int size); extern int usb_get_status(struct usb_device *dev, int type, int target, void *data); extern int usb_get_string(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned short langid, unsigned char index, void *buf, int size); extern int usb_string(struct usb_device *dev, int index, char *buf, size_t size); /* wrappers that also update important state inside usbcore */ extern int usb_clear_halt(struct usb_device *dev, int pipe); extern int usb_reset_configuration(struct usb_device *dev); extern int usb_set_interface(struct usb_device *dev, int ifnum, int alternate); /* * timeouts, in milliseconds, used for sending/receiving control messages * they typically complete within a few frames (msec) after they're issued * USB identifies 5 second timeouts, maybe more in a few cases, and a few * slow devices (like some MGE Ellipse UPSes) actually push that limit. */ #define USB_CTRL_GET_TIMEOUT 5000 #define USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT 5000 /** * struct usb_sg_request - support for scatter/gather I/O * @status: zero indicates success, else negative errno * @bytes: counts bytes transferred. * * These requests are initialized using usb_sg_init(), and then are used * as request handles passed to usb_sg_wait() or usb_sg_cancel(). Most * members of the request object aren't for driver access. * * The status and bytecount values are valid only after usb_sg_wait() * returns. If the status is zero, then the bytecount matches the total * from the request. * * After an error completion, drivers may need to clear a halt condition * on the endpoint. */ struct usb_sg_request { int status; size_t bytes; /* * members below are private: to usbcore, * and are not provided for driver access! */ spinlock_t lock; struct usb_device *dev; int pipe; struct scatterlist *sg; int nents; int entries; struct urb **urbs; int count; struct completion complete; }; int usb_sg_init ( struct usb_sg_request *io, struct usb_device *dev, unsigned pipe, unsigned period, struct scatterlist *sg, int nents, size_t length, gfp_t mem_flags ); void usb_sg_cancel (struct usb_sg_request *io); void usb_sg_wait (struct usb_sg_request *io); /* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */ /* * For various legacy reasons, Linux has a small cookie that's paired with * a struct usb_device to identify an endpoint queue. Queue characteristics * are defined by the endpoint's descriptor. This cookie is called a "pipe", * an unsigned int encoded as: * * - direction: bit 7 (0 = Host-to-Device [Out], * 1 = Device-to-Host [In] ... * like endpoint bEndpointAddress) * - device address: bits 8-14 ... bit positions known to uhci-hcd * - endpoint: bits 15-18 ... bit positions known to uhci-hcd * - pipe type: bits 30-31 (00 = isochronous, 01 = interrupt, * 10 = control, 11 = bulk) * * Given the device address and endpoint descriptor, pipes are redundant. */ /* NOTE: these are not the standard USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_* values!! */ /* (yet ... they're the values used by usbfs) */ #define PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS 0 #define PIPE_INTERRUPT 1 #define PIPE_CONTROL 2 #define PIPE_BULK 3 #define usb_pipein(pipe) ((pipe) & USB_DIR_IN) #define usb_pipeout(pipe) (!usb_pipein(pipe)) #define usb_pipedevice(pipe) (((pipe) >> 8) & 0x7f) #define usb_pipeendpoint(pipe) (((pipe) >> 15) & 0xf) #define usb_pipetype(pipe) (((pipe) >> 30) & 3) #define usb_pipeisoc(pipe) (usb_pipetype((pipe)) == PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS) #define usb_pipeint(pipe) (usb_pipetype((pipe)) == PIPE_INTERRUPT) #define usb_pipecontrol(pipe) (usb_pipetype((pipe)) == PIPE_CONTROL) #define usb_pipebulk(pipe) (usb_pipetype((pipe)) == PIPE_BULK) /* The D0/D1 toggle bits ... USE WITH CAUTION (they're almost hcd-internal) */ #define usb_gettoggle(dev, ep, out) (((dev)->toggle[out] >> (ep)) & 1) #define usb_dotoggle(dev, ep, out) ((dev)->toggle[out] ^= (1 << (ep))) #define usb_settoggle(dev, ep, out, bit) \ ((dev)->toggle[out] = ((dev)->toggle[out] & ~(1 << (ep))) | \ ((bit) << (ep))) static inline unsigned int __create_pipe(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int endpoint) { return (dev->devnum << 8) | (endpoint << 15); } /* Create various pipes... */ #define usb_sndctrlpipe(dev,endpoint) \ ((PIPE_CONTROL << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint)) #define usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev,endpoint) \ ((PIPE_CONTROL << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint) | USB_DIR_IN) #define usb_sndisocpipe(dev,endpoint) \ ((PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint)) #define usb_rcvisocpipe(dev,endpoint) \ ((PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint) | USB_DIR_IN) #define usb_sndbulkpipe(dev,endpoint) \ ((PIPE_BULK << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint)) #define usb_rcvbulkpipe(dev,endpoint) \ ((PIPE_BULK << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint) | USB_DIR_IN) #define usb_sndintpipe(dev,endpoint) \ ((PIPE_INTERRUPT << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint)) #define usb_rcvintpipe(dev,endpoint) \ ((PIPE_INTERRUPT << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint) | USB_DIR_IN) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ static inline __u16 usb_maxpacket(struct usb_device *udev, int pipe, int is_out) { struct usb_host_endpoint *ep; unsigned epnum = usb_pipeendpoint(pipe); if (is_out) { WARN_ON(usb_pipein(pipe)); ep = udev->ep_out[epnum]; } else { WARN_ON(usb_pipeout(pipe)); ep = udev->ep_in[epnum]; } if (!ep) return 0; /* NOTE: only 0x07ff bits are for packet size... */ return le16_to_cpu(ep->desc.wMaxPacketSize); } /* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */ /* Events from the usb core */ #define USB_DEVICE_ADD 0x0001 #define USB_DEVICE_REMOVE 0x0002 #define USB_BUS_ADD 0x0003 #define USB_BUS_REMOVE 0x0004 extern void usb_register_notify(struct notifier_block *nb); extern void usb_unregister_notify(struct notifier_block *nb); #ifdef DEBUG #define dbg(format, arg...) printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: " format "\n" , \ __FILE__ , ## arg) #else #define dbg(format, arg...) do {} while (0) #endif #define err(format, arg...) printk(KERN_ERR "%s: " format "\n" , \ __FILE__ , ## arg) #define info(format, arg...) printk(KERN_INFO "%s: " format "\n" , \ __FILE__ , ## arg) #define warn(format, arg...) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: " format "\n" , \ __FILE__ , ## arg) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif