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#ifndef Py_DICTOBJECT_H #define Py_DICTOBJECT_H #ifdef __cplusplus extern "C" { #endif /* Dictionary object type -- mapping from hashable object to object */ /* The distribution includes a separate file, Objects/dictnotes.txt, describing explorations into dictionary design and optimization. It covers typical dictionary use patterns, the parameters for tuning dictionaries, and several ideas for possible optimizations. */ /* There are three kinds of slots in the table: 1. Unused. me_key == me_value == NULL Does not hold an active (key, value) pair now and never did. Unused can transition to Active upon key insertion. This is the only case in which me_key is NULL, and is each slot's initial state. 2. Active. me_key != NULL and me_key != dummy and me_value != NULL Holds an active (key, value) pair. Active can transition to Dummy upon key deletion. This is the only case in which me_value != NULL. 3. Dummy. me_key == dummy and me_value == NULL Previously held an active (key, value) pair, but that was deleted and an active pair has not yet overwritten the slot. Dummy can transition to Active upon key insertion. Dummy slots cannot be made Unused again (cannot have me_key set to NULL), else the probe sequence in case of collision would have no way to know they were once active. Note: .popitem() abuses the me_hash field of an Unused or Dummy slot to hold a search finger. The me_hash field of Unused or Dummy slots has no meaning otherwise. */ /* PyDict_MINSIZE is the minimum size of a dictionary. This many slots are * allocated directly in the dict object (in the ma_smalltable member). * It must be a power of 2, and at least 4. 8 allows dicts with no more * than 5 active entries to live in ma_smalltable (and so avoid an * additional malloc); instrumentation suggested this suffices for the * majority of dicts (consisting mostly of usually-small instance dicts and * usually-small dicts created to pass keyword arguments). */ #define PyDict_MINSIZE 8 typedef struct { long me_hash; /* cached hash code of me_key */ PyObject *me_key; PyObject *me_value; } PyDictEntry; /* To ensure the lookup algorithm terminates, there must be at least one Unused slot (NULL key) in the table. The value ma_fill is the number of non-NULL keys (sum of Active and Dummy); ma_used is the number of non-NULL, non-dummy keys (== the number of non-NULL values == the number of Active items). To avoid slowing down lookups on a near-full table, we resize the table when it's two-thirds full. */ typedef struct _dictobject PyDictObject; struct _dictobject { PyObject_HEAD int ma_fill; /* # Active + # Dummy */ int ma_used; /* # Active */ /* The table contains ma_mask + 1 slots, and that's a power of 2. * We store the mask instead of the size because the mask is more * frequently needed. */ int ma_mask; /* ma_table points to ma_smalltable for small tables, else to * additional malloc'ed memory. ma_table is never NULL! This rule * saves repeated runtime null-tests in the workhorse getitem and * setitem calls. */ PyDictEntry *ma_table; PyDictEntry *(*ma_lookup)(PyDictObject *mp, PyObject *key, long hash); PyDictEntry ma_smalltable[PyDict_MINSIZE]; }; PyAPI_DATA(PyTypeObject) PyDict_Type; #define PyDict_Check(op) PyObject_TypeCheck(op, &PyDict_Type) #define PyDict_CheckExact(op) ((op)->ob_type == &PyDict_Type) PyAPI_FUNC(PyObject *) PyDict_New(void); PyAPI_FUNC(PyObject *) PyDict_GetItem(PyObject *mp, PyObject *key); PyAPI_FUNC(int) PyDict_SetItem(PyObject *mp, PyObject *key, PyObject *item); PyAPI_FUNC(int) PyDict_DelItem(PyObject *mp, PyObject *key); PyAPI_FUNC(void) PyDict_Clear(PyObject *mp); PyAPI_FUNC(int) PyDict_Next( PyObject *mp, int *pos, PyObject **key, PyObject **value); PyAPI_FUNC(PyObject *) PyDict_Keys(PyObject *mp); PyAPI_FUNC(PyObject *) PyDict_Values(PyObject *mp); PyAPI_FUNC(PyObject *) PyDict_Items(PyObject *mp); PyAPI_FUNC(int) PyDict_Size(PyObject *mp); PyAPI_FUNC(PyObject *) PyDict_Copy(PyObject *mp); PyAPI_FUNC(int) PyDict_Contains(PyObject *mp, PyObject *key); /* PyDict_Update(mp, other) is equivalent to PyDict_Merge(mp, other, 1). */ PyAPI_FUNC(int) PyDict_Update(PyObject *mp, PyObject *other); /* PyDict_Merge updates/merges from a mapping object (an object that supports PyMapping_Keys() and PyObject_GetItem()). If override is true, the last occurrence of a key wins, else the first. The Python dict.update(other) is equivalent to PyDict_Merge(dict, other, 1). */ PyAPI_FUNC(int) PyDict_Merge(PyObject *mp, PyObject *other, int override); /* PyDict_MergeFromSeq2 updates/merges from an iterable object producing iterable objects of length 2. If override is true, the last occurrence of a key wins, else the first. The Python dict constructor dict(seq2) is equivalent to dict={}; PyDict_MergeFromSeq(dict, seq2, 1). */ PyAPI_FUNC(int) PyDict_MergeFromSeq2(PyObject *d, PyObject *seq2, int override); PyAPI_FUNC(PyObject *) PyDict_GetItemString(PyObject *dp, const char *key); PyAPI_FUNC(int) PyDict_SetItemString(PyObject *dp, const char *key, PyObject *item); PyAPI_FUNC(int) PyDict_DelItemString(PyObject *dp, const char *key); #ifdef __cplusplus } #endif #endif /* !Py_DICTOBJECT_H */