http://www.ousob.com --- Legacy Redefined OuSob - File: /wwwroot/clipx/usr/include/sasl/sasl.h

/* This is a proposed C API for support of SASL * *********************************IMPORTANT******************************* * send email to chris.newman@innosoft.com and cyrus-bugs@andrew.cmu.edu * * if you need to add new error codes, callback types, property values, * * etc. It is important to keep the multiple implementations of this * * API from diverging. * *********************************IMPORTANT******************************* * * Basic Type Summary: * sasl_conn_t Context for a SASL connection negotiation * sasl_ssf_t Security layer Strength Factor * sasl_callback_t A typed client/server callback function and context * sasl_interact_t A client interaction descriptor * sasl_secret_t A client password * sasl_rand_t Random data context structure * sasl_security_properties_t An application's required security level * * Callbacks: * sasl_getopt_t client/server: Get an option value * sasl_logmsg_t client/server: Log message handler * sasl_getsimple_t client: Get user/language list * sasl_getsecret_t client: Get authentication secret * sasl_chalprompt_t client: Display challenge and prompt for response * * Server only Callbacks: * sasl_authorize_t user authorization policy callback * sasl_server_userdb_checkpass check password and auxprops in userdb * sasl_server_userdb_setpass set password in userdb * sasl_server_canon_user canonicalize username routine * * Client/Server Function Summary: * sasl_done Release all SASL global state * sasl_dispose Connection done: Dispose of sasl_conn_t * sasl_getprop Get property (e.g., user name, security layer info) * sasl_setprop Set property (e.g., external ssf) * sasl_errdetail Generate string from last error on connection * sasl_errstring Translate sasl error code to a string * sasl_encode Encode data to send using security layer * sasl_decode Decode data received using security layer * * Utility functions: * sasl_encode64 Encode data to send using MIME base64 encoding * sasl_decode64 Decode data received using MIME base64 encoding * sasl_erasebuffer Erase a buffer * * Client Function Summary: * sasl_client_init Load and initialize client plug-ins (call once) * sasl_client_new Initialize client connection context: sasl_conn_t * sasl_client_start Select mechanism for connection * sasl_client_step Perform one authentication step * * Server Function Summary * sasl_server_init Load and initialize server plug-ins (call once) * sasl_server_new Initialize server connection context: sasl_conn_t * sasl_listmech Create list of available mechanisms * sasl_server_start Begin an authentication exchange * sasl_server_step Perform one authentication exchange step * sasl_checkpass Check a plaintext passphrase * sasl_checkapop Check an APOP challenge/response (uses pseudo "APOP" * mechanism similar to CRAM-MD5 mechanism; optional) * sasl_user_exists Check if user exists * sasl_setpass Change a password or add a user entry * sasl_auxprop_request Request auxiliary properties * sasl_auxprop_getctx Get auxiliary property context for connection * sasl_auxprop_store Store a set of auxiliary properties * * Basic client model: * 1. client calls sasl_client_init() at startup to load plug-ins * 2. when connection formed, call sasl_client_new() * 3. once list of supported mechanisms received from server, client * calls sasl_client_start(). goto 4a * 4. client calls sasl_client_step() * [4a. If SASL_INTERACT, fill in prompts and goto 4 * -- doesn't happen if callbacks provided] * 4b. If SASL error, goto 7 or 3 * 4c. If SASL_OK, continue or goto 6 if last server response was success * 5. send message to server, wait for response * 5a. On data or success with server response, goto 4 * 5b. On failure goto 7 or 3 * 5c. On success with no server response continue * 6. continue with application protocol until connection closes * call sasl_getprop/sasl_encode/sasl_decode() if using security layer * 7. call sasl_dispose(), may return to step 2 * 8. call sasl_done() when program terminates * * Basic Server model: * 1. call sasl_server_init() at startup to load plug-ins * 2. On connection, call sasl_server_new() * 3. call sasl_listmech() and send list to client] * 4. after client AUTH command, call sasl_server_start(), goto 5a * 5. call sasl_server_step() * 5a. If SASL_CONTINUE, output to client, wait response, repeat 5 * 5b. If SASL error, then goto 7 * 5c. If SASL_OK, move on * 6. continue with application protocol until connection closes * call sasl_getprop to get username * call sasl_getprop/sasl_encode/sasl_decode() if using security layer * 7. call sasl_dispose(), may return to step 2 * 8. call sasl_done() when program terminates * ************************************************* * IMPORTANT NOTE: server realms / username syntax * * If a user name contains a "@", then the rightmost "@" in the user name * separates the account name from the realm in which this account is * located. A single server may support multiple realms. If the * server knows the realm at connection creation time (e.g., a server * with multiple IP addresses tightly binds one address to a specific * realm) then that realm must be passed in the user_realm field of * the sasl_server_new call. If user_realm is non-empty and an * unqualified user name is supplied, then the canon_user facility is * expected to append "@" and user_realm to the user name. The canon_user * facility may treat other characters such as "%" as equivalent to "@". * * If the server forbids the use of "@" in user names for other * purposes, this simplifies security validation. */ #ifndef SASL_H #define SASL_H 1 #define SASL_VERSION_MAJOR 2 #define SASL_VERSION_MINOR 1 #define SASL_VERSION_STEP 21 /* A convenience macro: same as was defined in the OpenLDAP LDAPDB */ #define SASL_VERSION_FULL ((SASL_VERSION_MAJOR << 16) |\ (SASL_VERSION_MINOR << 8) | SASL_VERSION_STEP) #include "prop.h" /************* * Basic API * *************/ /* SASL result codes: */ #define SASL_CONTINUE 1 /* another step is needed in authentication */ #define SASL_OK 0 /* successful result */ #define SASL_FAIL -1 /* generic failure */ #define SASL_NOMEM -2 /* memory shortage failure */ #define SASL_BUFOVER -3 /* overflowed buffer */ #define SASL_NOMECH -4 /* mechanism not supported */ #define SASL_BADPROT -5 /* bad protocol / cancel */ #define SASL_NOTDONE -6 /* can't request info until later in exchange */ #define SASL_BADPARAM -7 /* invalid parameter supplied */ #define SASL_TRYAGAIN -8 /* transient failure (e.g., weak key) */ #define SASL_BADMAC -9 /* integrity check failed */ #define SASL_NOTINIT -12 /* SASL library not initialized */ /* -- client only codes -- */ #define SASL_INTERACT 2 /* needs user interaction */ #define SASL_BADSERV -10 /* server failed mutual authentication step */ #define SASL_WRONGMECH -11 /* mechanism doesn't support requested feature */ /* -- server only codes -- */ #define SASL_BADAUTH -13 /* authentication failure */ #define SASL_NOAUTHZ -14 /* authorization failure */ #define SASL_TOOWEAK -15 /* mechanism too weak for this user */ #define SASL_ENCRYPT -16 /* encryption needed to use mechanism */ #define SASL_TRANS -17 /* One time use of a plaintext password will enable requested mechanism for user */ #define SASL_EXPIRED -18 /* passphrase expired, has to be reset */ #define SASL_DISABLED -19 /* account disabled */ #define SASL_NOUSER -20 /* user not found */ #define SASL_BADVERS -23 /* version mismatch with plug-in */ #define SASL_UNAVAIL -24 /* remote authentication server unavailable */ #define SASL_NOVERIFY -26 /* user exists, but no verifier for user */ /* -- codes for password setting -- */ #define SASL_PWLOCK -21 /* passphrase locked */ #define SASL_NOCHANGE -22 /* requested change was not needed */ #define SASL_WEAKPASS -27 /* passphrase is too weak for security policy */ #define SASL_NOUSERPASS -28 /* user supplied passwords not permitted */ /* max size of a sasl mechanism name */ #define SASL_MECHNAMEMAX 20 #ifdef _WIN32 /* Define to have the same layout as a WSABUF */ #ifndef STRUCT_IOVEC_DEFINED #define STRUCT_IOVEC_DEFINED 1 struct iovec { long iov_len; char *iov_base; }; #endif #else struct iovec; /* Defined in OS headers */ #endif /* per-connection SASL negotiation state for client or server */ typedef struct sasl_conn sasl_conn_t; /* Plain text password structure. * len is the length of the password, data is the text. */ typedef struct sasl_secret { unsigned long len; unsigned char data[1]; /* variable sized */ } sasl_secret_t; /* random data context structure */ typedef struct sasl_rand_s sasl_rand_t; #ifdef __cplusplus extern "C" { #endif /**************************** * Configure Basic Services * ****************************/ /* the following functions are used to adjust how allocation and mutexes work * they must be called before all other SASL functions: */ /* memory allocation functions which may optionally be replaced: */ typedef void *sasl_malloc_t(unsigned long); typedef void *sasl_calloc_t(unsigned long, unsigned long); typedef void *sasl_realloc_t(void *, unsigned long); typedef void sasl_free_t(void *); LIBSASL_API void sasl_set_alloc(sasl_malloc_t *, sasl_calloc_t *, sasl_realloc_t *, sasl_free_t *); /* mutex functions which may optionally be replaced: * sasl_mutex_alloc allocates a mutex structure * sasl_mutex_lock blocks until mutex locked * returns -1 on deadlock or parameter error * returns 0 on success * sasl_mutex_unlock unlocks mutex if it's locked * returns -1 if not locked or parameter error * returns 0 on success * sasl_mutex_free frees a mutex structure */ typedef void *sasl_mutex_alloc_t(void); typedef int sasl_mutex_lock_t(void *mutex); typedef int sasl_mutex_unlock_t(void *mutex); typedef void sasl_mutex_free_t(void *mutex); LIBSASL_API void sasl_set_mutex(sasl_mutex_alloc_t *, sasl_mutex_lock_t *, sasl_mutex_unlock_t *, sasl_mutex_free_t *); /***************************** * Security preference types * *****************************/ /* security layer strength factor -- an unsigned integer usable by the caller * to specify approximate security layer strength desired. Roughly * correlated to effective key length for encryption. * 0 = no protection * 1 = integrity protection only * 40 = 40-bit DES or 40-bit RC2/RC4 * 56 = DES * 112 = triple-DES * 128 = 128-bit RC2/RC4/BLOWFISH * 256 = baseline AES */ typedef unsigned sasl_ssf_t; /* usage flags provided to sasl_server_new and sasl_client_new: */ #define SASL_SUCCESS_DATA 0x0004 /* server supports data on success */ #define SASL_NEED_PROXY 0x0008 /* require a mech that allows proxying */ /*************************** * Security Property Types * ***************************/ /* Structure specifying the client or server's security policy * and optional additional properties. */ /* These are the various security flags apps can specify. */ /* NOPLAINTEXT -- don't permit mechanisms susceptible to simple * passive attack (e.g., PLAIN, LOGIN) * NOACTIVE -- protection from active (non-dictionary) attacks * during authentication exchange. * Authenticates server. * NODICTIONARY -- don't permit mechanisms susceptible to passive * dictionary attack * FORWARD_SECRECY -- require forward secrecy between sessions * (breaking one won't help break next) * NOANONYMOUS -- don't permit mechanisms that allow anonymous login * PASS_CREDENTIALS -- require mechanisms which pass client * credentials, and allow mechanisms which can pass * credentials to do so * MUTUAL_AUTH -- require mechanisms which provide mutual * authentication */ #define SASL_SEC_NOPLAINTEXT 0x0001 #define SASL_SEC_NOACTIVE 0x0002 #define SASL_SEC_NODICTIONARY 0x0004 #define SASL_SEC_FORWARD_SECRECY 0x0008 #define SASL_SEC_NOANONYMOUS 0x0010 #define SASL_SEC_PASS_CREDENTIALS 0x0020 #define SASL_SEC_MUTUAL_AUTH 0x0040 #define SASL_SEC_MAXIMUM 0x00FF typedef struct sasl_security_properties { /* security strength factor * min_ssf = minimum acceptable final level * max_ssf = maximum acceptable final level */ sasl_ssf_t min_ssf; sasl_ssf_t max_ssf; /* Maximum security layer receive buffer size. * 0=security layer not supported */ unsigned maxbufsize; /* bitfield for attacks to protect against */ unsigned security_flags; /* NULL terminated array of additional property names, values */ const char **property_names; const char **property_values; } sasl_security_properties_t; /****************** * Callback types * ******************/ /* * Extensible type for a client/server callbacks * id -- identifies callback type * proc -- procedure call arguments vary based on id * context -- context passed to procedure */ /* Note that any memory that is allocated by the callback needs to be * freed by the application, be it via function call or interaction. * * It may be freed after sasl_*_step returns SASL_OK. if the mechanism * requires this information to persist (for a security layer, for example) * it must maintain a private copy. */ typedef struct sasl_callback { /* Identifies the type of the callback function. * Mechanisms must ignore callbacks with id's they don't recognize. */ unsigned long id; int (*proc)(); /* Callback function. Types of arguments vary by 'id' */ void *context; } sasl_callback_t; /* callback ids & functions: */ #define SASL_CB_LIST_END 0 /* end of list */ /* option reading callback -- this allows a SASL configuration to be * encapsulated in the caller's configuration system. Some implementations * may use default config file(s) if this is omitted. Configuration items * may be plugin-specific and are arbitrary strings. * * inputs: * context -- option context from callback record * plugin_name -- name of plugin (NULL = general SASL option) * option -- name of option * output: * result -- set to result which persists until next getopt in * same thread, unchanged if option not found * len -- length of result (may be NULL) * returns: * SASL_OK -- no error * SASL_FAIL -- error */ typedef int sasl_getopt_t(void *context, const char *plugin_name, const char *option, const char **result, unsigned *len); #define SASL_CB_GETOPT 1 /* Logging levels for use with the logging callback function. */ #define SASL_LOG_NONE 0 /* don't log anything */ #define SASL_LOG_ERR 1 /* log unusual errors (default) */ #define SASL_LOG_FAIL 2 /* log all authentication failures */ #define SASL_LOG_WARN 3 /* log non-fatal warnings */ #define SASL_LOG_NOTE 4 /* more verbose than LOG_WARN */ #define SASL_LOG_DEBUG 5 /* more verbose than LOG_NOTE */ #define SASL_LOG_TRACE 6 /* traces of internal protocols */ #define SASL_LOG_PASS 7 /* traces of internal protocols, including * passwords */ /* logging callback -- this allows plugins and the middleware to * log operations they perform. * inputs: * context -- logging context from the callback record * level -- logging level; see above * message -- message to log * returns: * SASL_OK -- no error * SASL_FAIL -- error */ typedef int sasl_log_t(void *context, int level, const char *message); #define SASL_CB_LOG 2 /* getpath callback -- this allows applications to specify the * colon-separated path to search for plugins (by default, * taken from an implementation-specific location). * inputs: * context -- getpath context from the callback record * outputs: * path -- colon seperated path * returns: * SASL_OK -- no error * SASL_FAIL -- error */ typedef int sasl_getpath_t(void *context, const char **path); #define SASL_CB_GETPATH 3 /* verify file callback -- this allows applications to check if they * want SASL to use files, file by file. This is intended to allow * applications to sanity check the environment to make sure plugins * or the configuration file can't be written to, etc. * inputs: * context -- verifypath context from the callback record * file -- full path to file to verify * type -- type of file to verify (see below) * returns: * SASL_OK -- no error (file can safely be used) * SASL_CONTINUE -- continue WITHOUT using this file * SASL_FAIL -- error */ /* these are the types of files libsasl will ask about */ typedef enum { SASL_VRFY_PLUGIN=0, /* a DLL/shared library plug-in */ SASL_VRFY_CONF=1, /* a configuration file */ SASL_VRFY_PASSWD=2, /* a password storage file/db */ SASL_VRFY_OTHER=3 /* some other file */ } sasl_verify_type_t; typedef int sasl_verifyfile_t(void *context, const char *file, sasl_verify_type_t type); #define SASL_CB_VERIFYFILE 4 /* client/user interaction callbacks: */ /* Simple prompt -- result must persist until next call to getsimple on * same connection or until connection context is disposed * inputs: * context -- context from callback structure * id -- callback id * outputs: * result -- set to NUL terminated string * NULL = user cancel * len -- length of result * returns SASL_OK */ typedef int sasl_getsimple_t(void *context, int id, const char **result, unsigned *len); #define SASL_CB_USER 0x4001 /* client user identity to login as */ #define SASL_CB_AUTHNAME 0x4002 /* client authentication name */ #define SASL_CB_LANGUAGE 0x4003 /* comma separated list of RFC 1766 * language codes in order of preference * to be used to localize client prompts * or server error codes */ #define SASL_CB_CNONCE 0x4007 /* caller supplies client-nonce * primarily for testing purposes */ /* get a sasl_secret_t (plaintext password with length) * inputs: * conn -- connection context * context -- context from callback structure * id -- callback id * outputs: * psecret -- set to NULL to cancel * set to password structure which must persist until * next call to getsecret in same connection, but middleware * will erase password data when it's done with it. * returns SASL_OK */ typedef int sasl_getsecret_t(sasl_conn_t *conn, void *context, int id, sasl_secret_t **psecret); #define SASL_CB_PASS 0x4004 /* client passphrase-based secret */ /* prompt for input in response to a challenge. * input: * context -- context from callback structure * id -- callback id * challenge -- server challenge * output: * result -- NUL terminated result, NULL = user cancel * len -- length of result * returns SASL_OK */ typedef int sasl_chalprompt_t(void *context, int id, const char *challenge, const char *prompt, const char *defresult, const char **result, unsigned *len); #define SASL_CB_ECHOPROMPT 0x4005 /* challenge and client enterred result */ #define SASL_CB_NOECHOPROMPT 0x4006 /* challenge and client enterred result */ /* prompt (or autoselect) the realm to do authentication in. * may get a list of valid realms. * input: * context -- context from callback structure * id -- callback id * availrealms -- available realms; string list; NULL terminated * list may be empty. * output: * result -- NUL terminated realm; NULL is equivalent to "" * returns SASL_OK * result must persist until the next callback */ typedef int sasl_getrealm_t(void *context, int id, const char **availrealms, const char **result); #define SASL_CB_GETREALM (0x4008) /* realm to attempt authentication in */ /* server callbacks: */ /* improved callback to verify authorization; * canonicalization now handled elsewhere * conn -- connection context * requested_user -- the identity/username to authorize (NUL terminated) * rlen -- length of requested_user * auth_identity -- the identity associated with the secret (NUL terminated) * alen -- length of auth_identity * default_realm -- default user realm, as passed to sasl_server_new if * urlen -- length of default realm * propctx -- auxiliary properties * returns SASL_OK on success, * SASL_NOAUTHZ or other SASL response on failure */ typedef int sasl_authorize_t(sasl_conn_t *conn, void *context, const char *requested_user, unsigned rlen, const char *auth_identity, unsigned alen, const char *def_realm, unsigned urlen, struct propctx *propctx); #define SASL_CB_PROXY_POLICY 0x8001 /* functions for "userdb" based plugins to call to get/set passwords. * the location for the passwords is determined by the caller or middleware. * plug-ins may get passwords from other locations. */ /* callback to verify a plaintext password against the caller-supplied * user database. This is necessary to allow additional <method>s for * encoding of the userPassword property. * user -- NUL terminated user name with user@realm syntax * pass -- password to check (may not be NUL terminated) * passlen -- length of password to check * propctx -- auxiliary properties for user */ typedef int sasl_server_userdb_checkpass_t(sasl_conn_t *conn, void *context, const char *user, const char *pass, unsigned passlen, struct propctx *propctx); #define SASL_CB_SERVER_USERDB_CHECKPASS (0x8005) /* callback to store/change a plaintext password in the user database * user -- NUL terminated user name with user@realm syntax * pass -- password to store (may not be NUL terminated) * passlen -- length of password to store * propctx -- auxiliary properties (not stored) * flags -- see SASL_SET_* flags below (SASL_SET_CREATE optional) */ typedef int sasl_server_userdb_setpass_t(sasl_conn_t *conn, void *context, const char *user, const char *pass, unsigned passlen, struct propctx *propctx, unsigned flags); #define SASL_CB_SERVER_USERDB_SETPASS (0x8006) /* callback for a server-supplied user canonicalization function. * * This function is called directly after the mechanism has the * authentication and authorization IDs. It is called before any * User Canonicalization plugin is called. It has the responsibility * of copying its output into the provided output buffers. * * in, inlen -- user name to canonicalize, may not be NUL terminated * may be same buffer as out * flags -- not currently used, supplied by auth mechanism * user_realm -- the user realm (may be NULL in case of client) * out -- buffer to copy user name * out_max -- max length of user name * out_len -- set to length of user name * * returns * SASL_OK on success * SASL_BADPROT username contains invalid character */ /* User Canonicalization Function Flags */ #define SASL_CU_NONE 0x00 /* Not a valid flag to pass */ /* One of the following two is required */ #define SASL_CU_AUTHID 0x01 #define SASL_CU_AUTHZID 0x02 typedef int sasl_canon_user_t(sasl_conn_t *conn, void *context, const char *in, unsigned inlen, unsigned flags, const char *user_realm, char *out, unsigned out_max, unsigned *out_len); #define SASL_CB_CANON_USER (0x8007) /********************************** * Common Client/server functions * **********************************/ /* get sasl library version information * implementation is a vendor-defined string * version is a vender-defined representation of the version # * * this function is being deprecated in favor of sasl_version_info */ LIBSASL_API void sasl_version(const char **implementation, int *version); /* Extended version of sasl_version(). * * This function is to be used * for library version display and logging * for bug workarounds in old library versions * * The sasl_version_info is not to be used for API feature detection. * * All parameters are optional. If NULL is specified, the value is not returned. */ LIBSASL_API void sasl_version_info (const char **implementation, const char **version_string, int *version_major, int *version_minor, int *version_step, int *version_patch); /* dispose of all SASL plugins. Connection * states have to be disposed of before calling this. */ LIBSASL_API void sasl_done(void); /* dispose connection state, sets it to NULL * checks for pointer to NULL */ LIBSASL_API void sasl_dispose(sasl_conn_t **pconn); /* translate an error number into a string * input: * saslerr -- the error number * langlist -- comma separated list of RFC 1766 languages (may be NULL) * results: * outlang -- the language actually used (may be NULL if don't care) * returns: * the error message in UTF-8 (only the US-ASCII subset if langlist is NULL) */ LIBSASL_API const char *sasl_errstring(int saslerr, const char *langlist, const char **outlang); /* get detail about the last error that occurred on a connection * text is sanitized so it's suitable to send over the wire * (e.g., no distinction between SASL_BADAUTH and SASL_NOUSER) * input: * conn -- mandatory connection context * returns: * the error message in UTF-8 (only the US-ASCII subset permitted if no * SASL_CB_LANGUAGE callback is present) */ LIBSASL_API const char *sasl_errdetail(sasl_conn_t *conn); /* set the error string which will be returned by sasl_errdetail() using * syslog()-style formatting (e.g. printf-style with %m as most recent * errno error) * * primarily for use by server callbacks such as the sasl_authorize_t * callback and internally to plug-ins * * This will also trigger a call to the SASL logging callback (if any) * with a level of SASL_LOG_FAIL unless the SASL_NOLOG flag is set. * * Messages should be sensitive to the current language setting. If there * is no SASL_CB_LANGUAGE callback messages MUST be US-ASCII otherwise UTF-8 * is used and use of RFC 2482 for mixed-language text is encouraged. * * if conn is NULL, function does nothing */ LIBSASL_API void sasl_seterror(sasl_conn_t *conn, unsigned flags, const char *fmt, ...); #define SASL_NOLOG 0x01 /* get property from SASL connection state * propnum -- property number * pvalue -- pointer to value * returns: * SASL_OK -- no error * SASL_NOTDONE -- property not available yet * SASL_BADPARAM -- bad property number */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_getprop(sasl_conn_t *conn, int propnum, const void **pvalue); #define SASL_USERNAME 0 /* pointer to NUL terminated user name */ #define SASL_SSF 1 /* security layer security strength factor, * if 0, call to sasl_encode, sasl_decode * unnecessary */ #define SASL_MAXOUTBUF 2 /* security layer max output buf unsigned */ #define SASL_DEFUSERREALM 3 /* default realm passed to server_new */ /* or set with setprop */ #define SASL_GETOPTCTX 4 /* context for getopt callback */ #define SASL_CALLBACK 7 /* current callback function list */ #define SASL_IPLOCALPORT 8 /* iplocalport string passed to server_new */ #define SASL_IPREMOTEPORT 9 /* ipremoteport string passed to server_new */ /* This returns a string which is either empty or has an error message * from sasl_seterror (e.g., from a plug-in or callback). It differs * from the result of sasl_errdetail() which also takes into account the * last return status code. */ #define SASL_PLUGERR 10 /* a handle to any delegated credentials or NULL if none is present * is returned by the mechanism. The user will probably need to know * which mechanism was used to actually known how to make use of them * currently only implemented for the gssapi mechanism */ #define SASL_DELEGATEDCREDS 11 #define SASL_SERVICE 12 /* service passed to sasl_*_new */ #define SASL_SERVERFQDN 13 /* serverFQDN passed to sasl_*_new */ #define SASL_AUTHSOURCE 14 /* name of auth source last used, useful * for failed authentication tracking */ #define SASL_MECHNAME 15 /* active mechanism name, if any */ #define SASL_AUTHUSER 16 /* authentication/admin user */ #define SASL_APPNAME 17 /* application name (used for logging/ configuration), same as appname parameter to sasl_server_init */ /* set property in SASL connection state * returns: * SASL_OK -- value set * SASL_BADPARAM -- invalid property or value */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_setprop(sasl_conn_t *conn, int propnum, const void *value); #define SASL_SSF_EXTERNAL 100 /* external SSF active (sasl_ssf_t *) */ #define SASL_SEC_PROPS 101 /* sasl_security_properties_t */ #define SASL_AUTH_EXTERNAL 102 /* external authentication ID (const char *) */ /* If the SASL_AUTH_EXTERNAL value is non-NULL, then a special version of the * EXTERNAL mechanism is enabled (one for server-embedded EXTERNAL mechanisms). * Otherwise, the EXTERNAL mechanism will be absent unless a plug-in * including EXTERNAL is present. */ /* do precalculations during an idle period or network round trip * may pass NULL to precompute for some mechanisms prior to connect * returns 1 if action taken, 0 if no action taken */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_idle(sasl_conn_t *conn); /************** * Client API * **************/ /* list of client interactions with user for caller to fill in */ typedef struct sasl_interact { unsigned long id; /* same as client/user callback ID */ const char *challenge; /* presented to user (e.g. OTP challenge) */ const char *prompt; /* presented to user (e.g. "Username: ") */ const char *defresult; /* default result string */ const void *result; /* set to point to result */ unsigned len; /* set to length of result */ } sasl_interact_t; /* initialize the SASL client drivers * callbacks -- base callbacks for all client connections; * must include getopt callback * returns: * SASL_OK -- Success * SASL_NOMEM -- Not enough memory * SASL_BADVERS -- Mechanism version mismatch * SASL_BADPARAM -- missing getopt callback or error in config file * SASL_NOMECH -- No mechanisms available * ... */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_client_init(const sasl_callback_t *callbacks); /* initialize a client exchange based on the specified mechanism * service -- registered name of the service using SASL (e.g. "imap") * serverFQDN -- the fully qualified domain name of the server * iplocalport -- client IPv4/IPv6 domain literal string with port * (if NULL, then mechanisms requiring IPaddr are disabled) * ipremoteport -- server IPv4/IPv6 domain literal string with port * (if NULL, then mechanisms requiring IPaddr are disabled) * prompt_supp -- list of client interactions supported * may also include sasl_getopt_t context & call * NULL prompt_supp = user/pass via SASL_INTERACT only * NULL proc = interaction supported via SASL_INTERACT * flags -- server usage flags (see above) * in/out: * pconn -- connection negotiation structure * pointer to NULL => allocate new * * Returns: * SASL_OK -- success * SASL_NOMECH -- no mechanism meets requested properties * SASL_NOMEM -- not enough memory */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_client_new(const char *service, const char *serverFQDN, const char *iplocalport, const char *ipremoteport, const sasl_callback_t *prompt_supp, unsigned flags, sasl_conn_t **pconn); /* select a mechanism for a connection * mechlist -- mechanisms server has available (punctuation ignored) * if NULL, then discard cached info and retry last mech * output: * prompt_need -- on SASL_INTERACT, list of prompts needed to continue * may be NULL if callbacks provided * clientout -- the initial client response to send to the server * will be valid until next call to client_start/client_step * NULL if mech doesn't include initial client challenge * mech -- set to mechansm name of selected mechanism (may be NULL) * * Returns: * SASL_OK -- success * SASL_NOMEM -- not enough memory * SASL_NOMECH -- no mechanism meets requested properties * SASL_INTERACT -- user interaction needed to fill in prompt_need list */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_client_start(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char *mechlist, sasl_interact_t **prompt_need, const char **clientout, unsigned *clientoutlen, const char **mech); /* do a single authentication step. * serverin -- the server message received by the client, MUST have a NUL * sentinel, not counted by serverinlen * output: * prompt_need -- on SASL_INTERACT, list of prompts needed to continue * clientout -- the client response to send to the server * will be valid until next call to client_start/client_step * * returns: * SASL_OK -- success * SASL_INTERACT -- user interaction needed to fill in prompt_need list * SASL_BADPROT -- server protocol incorrect/cancelled * SASL_BADSERV -- server failed mutual auth */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_client_step(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char *serverin, unsigned serverinlen, sasl_interact_t **prompt_need, const char **clientout, unsigned *clientoutlen); /************** * Server API * **************/ /* initialize server drivers, done once per process * callbacks -- callbacks for all server connections; must include * getopt callback * appname -- name of calling application (for lower level logging) * results: * state -- server state * returns: * SASL_OK -- success * SASL_BADPARAM -- error in config file * SASL_NOMEM -- memory failure * SASL_BADVERS -- Mechanism version mismatch */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_server_init(const sasl_callback_t *callbacks, const char *appname); /* IP/port syntax: * a.b.c.d;p where a-d are 0-255 and p is 0-65535 port number. * e:f:g:h:i:j:k:l;p where e-l are 0000-ffff lower-case hexidecimal * e:f:g:h:i:j:a.b.c.d;p alternate syntax for previous * * Note that one or more "0" fields in f-k can be replaced with "::" * Thus: e:f:0000:0000:0000:j:k:l;p * can be abbreviated: e:f::j:k:l;p * * A buffer of size 52 is adequate for the longest format with NUL terminator. */ /* create context for a single SASL connection * service -- registered name of the service using SASL (e.g. "imap") * serverFQDN -- Fully qualified domain name of server. NULL means use * gethostname() or equivalent. * Useful for multi-homed servers. * user_realm -- permits multiple user realms on server, NULL = default * iplocalport -- server IPv4/IPv6 domain literal string with port * (if NULL, then mechanisms requiring IPaddr are disabled) * ipremoteport -- client IPv4/IPv6 domain literal string with port * (if NULL, then mechanisms requiring IPaddr are disabled) * callbacks -- callbacks (e.g., authorization, lang, new getopt context) * flags -- usage flags (see above) * returns: * pconn -- new connection context * * returns: * SASL_OK -- success * SASL_NOMEM -- not enough memory */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_server_new(const char *service, const char *serverFQDN, const char *user_realm, const char *iplocalport, const char *ipremoteport, const sasl_callback_t *callbacks, unsigned flags, sasl_conn_t **pconn); /* Return an array of NUL-terminated strings, terminated by a NULL pointer, * which lists all possible mechanisms that the library can supply * * Returns NULL on failure. */ LIBSASL_API const char ** sasl_global_listmech(void); /* This returns a list of mechanisms in a NUL-terminated string * conn -- the connection to list mechanisms for (either client * or server) * user -- restricts mechanisms to those available to that user * (may be NULL, not used for client case) * prefix -- appended to beginning of result * sep -- appended between mechanisms * suffix -- appended to end of result * results: * result -- NUL terminated result which persists until next * call to sasl_listmech for this sasl_conn_t * plen -- gets length of result (excluding NUL), may be NULL * pcount -- gets number of mechanisms, may be NULL * * returns: * SASL_OK -- success * SASL_NOMEM -- not enough memory * SASL_NOMECH -- no enabled mechanisms */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_listmech(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char *user, const char *prefix, const char *sep, const char *suffix, const char **result, unsigned *plen, int *pcount); /* start a mechanism exchange within a connection context * mech -- the mechanism name client requested * clientin -- client initial response (NUL terminated), NULL if empty * clientinlen -- length of initial response * serverout -- initial server challenge, NULL if done * (library handles freeing this string) * serveroutlen -- length of initial server challenge * output: * pconn -- the connection negotiation state on success * * Same returns as sasl_server_step() or * SASL_NOMECH if mechanism not available. */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_server_start(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char *mech, const char *clientin, unsigned clientinlen, const char **serverout, unsigned *serveroutlen); /* perform one step of the SASL exchange * inputlen & input -- client data * NULL on first step if no optional client step * outputlen & output -- set to the server data to transmit * to the client in the next step * (library handles freeing this) * * returns: * SASL_OK -- exchange is complete. * SASL_CONTINUE -- indicates another step is necessary. * SASL_TRANS -- entry for user exists, but not for mechanism * and transition is possible * SASL_BADPARAM -- service name needed * SASL_BADPROT -- invalid input from client * ... */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_server_step(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char *clientin, unsigned clientinlen, const char **serverout, unsigned *serveroutlen); /* check if an apop exchange is valid * (note this is an optional part of the SASL API) * if challenge is NULL, just check if APOP is enabled * inputs: * challenge -- challenge which was sent to client * challen -- length of challenge, 0 = strlen(challenge) * response -- client response, "<user> <digest>" (RFC 1939) * resplen -- length of response, 0 = strlen(response) * returns * SASL_OK -- success * SASL_BADAUTH -- authentication failed * SASL_BADPARAM -- missing challenge * SASL_BADPROT -- protocol error (e.g., response in wrong format) * SASL_NOVERIFY -- user found, but no verifier * SASL_NOMECH -- mechanism not supported * SASL_NOUSER -- user not found */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_checkapop(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char *challenge, unsigned challen, const char *response, unsigned resplen); /* check if a plaintext password is valid * if user is NULL, check if plaintext passwords are enabled * inputs: * user -- user to query in current user_domain * userlen -- length of username, 0 = strlen(user) * pass -- plaintext password to check * passlen -- length of password, 0 = strlen(pass) * returns * SASL_OK -- success * SASL_NOMECH -- mechanism not supported * SASL_NOVERIFY -- user found, but no verifier * SASL_NOUSER -- user not found */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_checkpass(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char *user, unsigned userlen, const char *pass, unsigned passlen); /* check if a user exists on server * conn -- connection context * service -- registered name of the service using SASL (e.g. "imap") * user_realm -- permits multiple user realms on server, NULL = default * user -- NUL terminated user name * * returns: * SASL_OK -- success * SASL_DISABLED -- account disabled * SASL_NOUSER -- user not found * SASL_NOVERIFY -- user found, but no usable mechanism * SASL_NOMECH -- no mechanisms enabled */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_user_exists(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char *service, const char *user_realm, const char *user); /* set the password for a user * conn -- SASL connection * user -- user name * pass -- plaintext password, may be NULL to remove user * passlen -- length of password, 0 = strlen(pass) * oldpass -- NULL will sometimes work * oldpasslen -- length of password, 0 = strlen(oldpass) * flags -- see flags below * * returns: * SASL_NOCHANGE -- proper entry already exists * SASL_NOMECH -- no authdb supports password setting as configured * SASL_NOVERIFY -- user exists, but no settable password present * SASL_DISABLED -- account disabled * SASL_PWLOCK -- password locked * SASL_WEAKPASS -- password too weak for security policy * SASL_NOUSERPASS -- user-supplied passwords not permitted * SASL_FAIL -- OS error * SASL_BADPARAM -- password too long * SASL_OK -- successful */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_setpass(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char *user, const char *pass, unsigned passlen, const char *oldpass, unsigned oldpasslen, unsigned flags); #define SASL_SET_CREATE 0x01 /* create a new entry for user */ #define SASL_SET_DISABLE 0x02 /* disable user account */ #define SASL_SET_NOPLAIN 0x04 /* do not store secret in plain text */ #define SASL_SET_CURMECH_ONLY 0x08 /* set the mechanism specific password only. fail if no current mechanism */ /********************************************************* * Auxiliary Property Support -- added by cjn 1999-09-29 * *********************************************************/ #define SASL_AUX_END NULL /* last auxiliary property */ /* traditional Posix items (should be implemented on Posix systems) */ #define SASL_AUX_PASSWORD_PROP "userPassword" /* User Password */ #define SASL_AUX_PASSWORD "*" SASL_AUX_PASSWORD_PROP /* User Password (of authid) */ #define SASL_AUX_UIDNUM "uidNumber" /* UID number for the user */ #define SASL_AUX_GIDNUM "gidNumber" /* GID for the user */ #define SASL_AUX_FULLNAME "gecos" /* full name of the user, unix-style */ #define SASL_AUX_HOMEDIR "homeDirectory" /* home directory for user */ #define SASL_AUX_SHELL "loginShell" /* login shell for the user */ /* optional additional items (not necessarily implemented) */ /* single preferred mail address for user canonically-quoted * RFC821/822 syntax */ #define SASL_AUX_MAILADDR "mail" /* path to unix-style mailbox for user */ #define SASL_AUX_UNIXMBX "mailMessageStore" /* SMTP mail channel name to use if user authenticates successfully */ #define SASL_AUX_MAILCHAN "mailSMTPSubmitChannel" /* Request a set of auxiliary properties * conn connection context * propnames list of auxiliary property names to request ending with * NULL. * * Subsequent calls will add items to the request list. Call with NULL * to clear the request list. * * errors * SASL_OK -- success * SASL_BADPARAM -- bad count/conn parameter * SASL_NOMEM -- out of memory */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_auxprop_request(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char **propnames); /* Returns current auxiliary property context. * Use functions in prop.h to access content * * if authentication hasn't completed, property values may be empty/NULL * * properties not recognized by active plug-ins will be left empty/NULL * * returns NULL if conn is invalid. */ LIBSASL_API struct propctx *sasl_auxprop_getctx(sasl_conn_t *conn); /* Store the set of auxiliary properties for the given user. * Use functions in prop.h to set the content. * * conn connection context * ctx property context from prop_new()/prop_request()/prop_set() * user NUL terminated user * * Call with NULL 'ctx' to see if the backend allows storing properties. * * errors * SASL_OK -- success * SASL_NOMECH -- can not store some/all properties * SASL_BADPARAM -- bad conn/ctx/user parameter * SASL_NOMEM -- out of memory * SASL_FAIL -- failed to store */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_auxprop_store(sasl_conn_t *conn, struct propctx *ctx, const char *user); /********************** * security layer API * **********************/ /* encode a block of data for transmission using security layer, * returning the input buffer if there is no security layer. * output is only valid until next call to sasl_encode or sasl_encodev * returns: * SASL_OK -- success (returns input if no layer negotiated) * SASL_NOTDONE -- security layer negotiation not finished * SASL_BADPARAM -- inputlen is greater than the SASL_MAXOUTBUF */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_encode(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char *input, unsigned inputlen, const char **output, unsigned *outputlen); /* encode a block of data for transmission using security layer * output is only valid until next call to sasl_encode or sasl_encodev * returns: * SASL_OK -- success (returns input if no layer negotiated) * SASL_NOTDONE -- security layer negotiation not finished * SASL_BADPARAM -- input length is greater than the SASL_MAXOUTBUF * or no security layer */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_encodev(sasl_conn_t *conn, const struct iovec *invec, unsigned numiov, const char **output, unsigned *outputlen); /* decode a block of data received using security layer * returning the input buffer if there is no security layer. * output is only valid until next call to sasl_decode * * if outputlen is 0 on return, than the value of output is undefined. * * returns: * SASL_OK -- success (returns input if no layer negotiated) * SASL_NOTDONE -- security layer negotiation not finished * SASL_BADMAC -- bad message integrity check */ LIBSASL_API int sasl_decode(sasl_conn_t *conn, const char *input, unsigned inputlen, const char **output, unsigned *outputlen); #ifdef __cplusplus } #endif #endif /* SASL_H */