LII. Net_Gopher


The gopher protocol, as defined by RFC 1436, is generally considered the ancestor of the modern HTTP protocol. However, gopher was also intended to provide references to non-gopher resources including telnet, wais, nntp, and even http. This extension adds gopher support to PHP's URL Wrappers, and provides a helper function gopher_parsedir() to make sense of gopher formatted directory listings.


Net_Gopher is installed through the usual PECL package installation process.

  • Prerequisite: PHP 4.3.0.

  • $ pear install Net_Gopher

  • Copy the resulting to an appropriate location and add to your php.ini file or load it dynamically in your PHP script using dl("");

Runtime Configuration

This extension has no configuration directives defined in php.ini.

Resource Types

This extension has no resource types defined.

Predefined Constants

The constants below are defined by this extension, and will only be available when the extension has either been compiled into PHP or dynamically loaded at runtime.

Table 1. Net_Gopher constants

GOPHER_DOCUMENT0Standard text/plain document.
GOPHER_DIRECTORY1A resource containing a gopher formatted directory listing.
GOPHER_BINHEX4A BinHex encoded binary file.
GOPHER_DOSBINARY5A DOS formatted binary archive.
GOPHER_BINARY9A generic binary file.
GOPHER_INFO255An Informational entry
GOPHER_HTTP254A reference to an HTTP resource.
GOPHER_UNKNOWN-1 An unrecognized entry.



Table of Contents
gopher_parsedir -- Translate a gopher formatted directory entry into an associative array.